By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
The Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture is reminding producers to be on the lookout for anthrax in their animals after an anthrax case was confirmed in the RM of Golden West in southeastern Saskatchewan.
Anthrax was confirmed by laboratory results on August 29, 2019, as the cause of sudden death in seven animals.
Anthrax is a bacterial pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Ruminants such as bison, cattle, sheep and goats are highly susceptible, and horses can also be infected.
Anthrax is a very serious disease of livestock because it can potentially cause the rapid loss of a large number of animals in a very short time. Affected animals are often found dead with no illness detected.
When conditions become favorable, the spores germinate into colonies of bacteria. An example would be a grazing cow ingests spores that in the cow, germinate, grow spread and eventually kill the animal. Anthrax is caused by the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. This spore forming bacteria can survive in the environment for decades because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drying, etc. This is usually the infectious stage of anthrax.
There are no reports of person-to-person transmission of anthrax. People get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores.
There are three types of human anthrax with differing degrees of seriousness: cutaneous, gastrointestinal and inhalation.
Anthrax can be prevented by vaccination.
Officials say anyone who suspects the presence of an anthrax case should contact their local veterinarian immediately for diagnosis. All tests must be confirmed by a laboratory diagnosis. All positive test results must be immediately reported to the provincial Chief Veterinary Officer. Producers are advised to use caution when handling potentially infected animals or carcasses.
- Europe: Four countries lose measles elimination status
- Texas is in the Midst of a Cyclospora Outbreak
- Lyme disease: The major players, the disagreements and the IDSA draft guidelines
- Japan: Melioidosis case reported in Chiba, Presumed contracted in Thailand
- CDC skeptics more likely to change minds about vaccines if they live near a measles outbreak