By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
Brazil reported 18,073 confirmed measles cases since January 1, 2019,accounting for 88 percent of the 20,430 confirmed cases reported in the Americas in 2019, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
Of this total, 15 deaths were reported (19 total measles deaths were reported in the Americas region).
By the end of 2019, 23 federal units have had active outbreaks: Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas, Bahía, Ceará, Espírito Santo, the Federal District, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraíba, Paraná, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio Grande do Sul, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, and Sergipe.
PAHO reports, from 2018 until the beginning of 2019, the predominant circulating genotype was D8, lineage MVi/HuluLangat.MYS/26.11, due to the outbreak that began in Roraima related to the
Venezuelan population migration. However, since the occurrence of an outbreak on a cruise ship in São Paulo State (EW 8 of 2019), the circulation of three different lineages of genotype D8 have been detected: MVs/FrankfurtMain.DEU/17.11, MVi/Delhi.IND/01.14/06, and MVs/Gir Somnath.IND/42.16.
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