The number of dengue fever cases in Cambodia have jumped by 62 percent during the first five months of 2015 compared to the same period last year, according to the Cambodian Ministry of Health (computer translated).
To date in 2015, 957 dengue fever cases have been recorded during the first 20 weeks, compared to 586 cases over the same period last year. Nearly six out of 10 of the cases have seen in children ages 5 to 14.
Although the number of cases have increased substantially, only one dengue-related fatality has been recorded. In the first 5 months of 2014, 3 deaths were reported.
According to the World Health Organization, dengue is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito infected with one of the four dengue virus serotypes. It is a febrile illness that affects infants, young children and adults withsymptomsappearing 3-14 days after the infective bite. As many as 400 million people areinfectedyearly.
Dengue is not transmitted directly from person-to-person and symptoms range from mild fever, to incapacitating high fever, with severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pain, and rash. There is no vaccine or any specific medicine to treat dengue. People who have dengue fever should rest, drink plenty of fluids and reduce the fever using paracetamol or see a doctor.
Severe dengue (also known as dengue hemorrhagic fever) is characterized by fever, abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, bleeding and breathing difficulty and is a potentially lethal complication, affecting mainly children. Early clinical diagnosis and careful clinical management by trained physicians and nurses increase survival of patients.