Two new wild poliovirus-1 (WPV-1) cases were reported in Cameroon, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. The two cases are from a refugee camp in the east of the country, among refugees from Central African Republic (CAR). 

Image/CIA
Image/CIA

This brings the total polio cases in Central Africa to 10 (5 in Cameroon and 5 in Equatorial Guinea). In 2013, Cameroon reported four total cases, the first such cases since 2009.

In addition, Pakistan reported two additional cases from Khyber Agency, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), bringing the total number of WPV1 cases for 2014 to 104.

Globally, there has been 135 WPV-1 cases reported in 2014 to date.

Related: Nigeria reports more cases due to circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2

Polio is a disease caused by a virus that affects the nervous system and is mainly spread by person-to-person contact. Polio can also be spread by drinking water or other drinks or eating raw or undercooked food that are contaminated with the feces of an infected person.

Most people with polio do not feel sick. Some people have only minor symptoms, such as fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the arms and legs. Most people recover completely. In rare cases, polio infection causes permanent loss of muscle function in the arms or legs (usually the legs) or if there is loss of function of the muscles used for breathing or infection of the brain, death can occur. For more infectious disease news and information, visit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page