The National Epidemiology of Cuba is warning the public of the potential of a high incidence of Leptospirosis in some provinces during the month of March. In addition they warned that in all regions the number of Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue, are up., according to a Cuba Net report (computer translated).
According to the Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin, published by the Instituto Pedro Kouri, a “high incidence of Leptospirosis in some provinces are expected, which should take specific preventive measures to reduce the incidence and prevent outbreaks.”
The report notes that, despite unfavorable to the life cycle of Aedes aegypti weather there in March, the vector foci continue with higher values ”in all regions of the country.”
“Therefore, it is important foci are destroyed, farms are removed and treated to minimize them do not pose a risk for transmission of dengue including reservoirs exist corresponding” says the Journal.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira.
The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals, which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months.
In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases. Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all.
Without treatment, Leptospirosis can lead to kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), liver failure, respiratory distress, and even death.
Dengue fever is an infectious disease carried by mosquitoes and caused by any of four related dengue viruses. This disease used to be called “break-bone fever” because it sometimes causes severe joint and muscle pain that feels like bones are breaking.