The number of Vibrio vulnificus cases reported in the state of Florida has increased by two as additional cases of the bacterial disease were reported from Bay and Volusia counties, according to the Florida Department of Health.
This brings the states total case count to 18. The number of V. vulnificus fatalities remains unchanged at three. This follows 2013, when the Sunshine State reported 41 cases and 11 deaths, the highest number of cases reported in the past six years.
According to the Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology, V. vulnificus causes a disease with over a 50 percent mortality rate, and it causes 95 percent of all seafood-related deaths.
Vibrio vulnificus is an emerging pathogen of humans. It causes wound infections, gastroenteritis, or a syndrome known as primary septicemia. It was first recognized as an agent of disease in 1976. The first documented case of disease caused by the bacterium was in 1979.
V. vulnificus causes disease in individuals who eat contaminated seafood (usually raw or undercooked oysters) or have an open wound that is exposed to seawater. Among healthy people, ingestion of V. vulnificus can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Most V. vulnificus infections are acute and have no long-term consequences.
In immunocompromised persons, particularly those with chronic liver disease, V. vulnificus can invade the bloodstream from either a wound or from the GI tract, causing a severe and life-threatening illness called primary septicemia, characterized by fever, chills, septic shock and death. Blistering skin lesionsaccompany the disease in about 70% of the cases. V. vulnificus bloodstream infections are fatal about 50% of the time.
These individuals are 80-200 times more likely to develop V. vulnificus primary septicemia than are healthy people. For this particular risk group, the infection carries one of the highest mortality rates of all bacterial infections.