In 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that the number of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) cases in South Sudan have risen significantly, increasing from 564 reported during the triennium 2018-2020, to 1143 suspected cases with five deaths in 2021 through November 29.
In last two years (2020-2021), a total of 1420 suspected cases were reported, of which 47 have been laboratory confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI).
The current 2021 outbreak is occurring in Unity State, with cases mainly being reported from Bentiu internally displaced persons (IDP) camp.
This led the Ministry of Health (MoH) to declare a HEV outbreak in Bentiu internally displaced people (IDP) camp in August 2021. A proportion of cases (323; 28.3%) has been reported from outside the camp, in Bentiu and Rubkona towns, suggesting ongoing transmission in the surrounding community.
Bentiu IDP camp hosts over 107,000 people and is divided into five sectors. HEV cases are reported from all sectors, highlighting widespread transmission.
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