By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
A 28-year-old woman with leptospirosis is in the intensive care unit at the City Hospital in Mykolayiv. This is the second patient with leptospirosis to be admitted to the City Hospital №5 in 2020.
In total in the Nikolaev area since the beginning of the year 6 cases of leptospirosis are recorded.
Leptospirosis is an acute infectious disease that is transmitted through food (through water and food, by contact (when bathing in water, various types of agricultural work, in case of bites by sick animals, damage to the skin by infected objects) and aspiration (during haymaking and agricultural products), which causes the peak of infections in August-September.
The insidiousness of this infection is that its symptoms resemble the flu (unsatisfactory general condition, headache, constant high body temperature of 39-40 degrees and a feeling of poisoning).
If left untreated, leptospirosis can cause kidney, liver, meningitis and even death.
To avoid leptospirosis, you need to follow a number of simple and at the same time necessary rules:
– It is necessary to bathe in specially allotted places. Leptospirosis infection is more common in closed bodies of water, especially in shallow water, where there is a lot of vegetation. Keep in mind that the risk of infection increases when bathing if there are scratches, wounds and swallowing water.
– It is advisable to refrain from walking barefoot in wetlands.
– In field work, fishing, hunting, caring for sick cattle, it is necessary to follow the rules of personal hygiene, wear rubber or tarpaulin boots, gloves.
– It is forbidden to use raw water from open reservoirs.
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