MERS study: Direct exposure to dromedary camels, diabetes mellitus are risk factors for MERS-CoV illness - Outbreak News Today | Outbreak News Today Outbreak News Today
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A new study published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publication, Emerging Infectious Diseasessuggest a number of risk factors for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness.

MERS

Table/ECDC

According to the abstract, Saudi Arabia and United States researchers write:

Risk factors for primary Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness in humans are incompletely understood. We identified all primary MERS-CoV cases reported in Saudi Arabia during March–November 2014 by excluding those with history of exposure to other cases of MERS-CoV or acute respiratory illness of unknown cause or exposure to healthcare settings within 14 days before illness onset.

Using a case–control design, we assessed differences in underlying medical conditions and environmental exposures among primary case-patients and 2–4 controls matched by age, sex, and neighborhood. Using multivariable analysis, we found that direct exposure to dromedary camels during the 2 weeks before illness onset, as well as diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and smoking, were each independently associated with MERS-CoV illness. Further investigation is needed to better understand animal-to-human transmission of MERS-CoV.

Concerning zoonotic transmission of MERS-CoV, exposure to bats, goats, horses, sheep, or the products of these animals were not associated with MERS CoV illness in the study.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a newly recognized respiratory pathogen first identified in a patient from Saudi Arabia in June 2012. MERS-CoV causes acute respiratory disease that has a high case-fatality rate. All cases have been linked to countries in or near the Arabian Peninsula; >85% of cases have been reported from Saudi Arabia.

As of 5 November, 1,637 cases of MERS, including 632 deaths, have been reported by local health authorities worldwide.

 

 

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  1. […] A new study published in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publication, Emerging Infectious Diseases, suggest a number of risk factors for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness. According to the abstract, Saudi Arabia and United States researchers write: Risk factors for primary Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness in humans are incompletely […] Outbreak News Today » Blogs […]

  2. […] Researchers at the University of Southampton in the UK has found that copper can effectively help to prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, which are linked to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). […]

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