Oklahoma health officials today reported additional confirmed mumps cases, primarily in Garfield County. According to the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH), the state’s Epi team has reported 43 cases, with another 10 still under investigation.
In addition to the Garfield County cases, OSDH has reported a confirmed case of mumps in a Kay County school-aged child and a probable case of mumps in a Kay County adult.
Both cases have social connections with individuals who are part of the mumps outbreak in Garfield County. State and local public health officials are working closely with schools and healthcare providers to rapidly identify suspected mumps cases and exclude affected persons from childcare centers, schools or workplaces during the timeframe they are able to transmit mumps to other persons.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Mumps is a viral illness that is transmitted by direct contact with respiratory droplets or saliva from an infected person. It is best known for painful, swollen salivary glands that show up as puffy cheeks and swollen jaw. Boys may also have painful, swollen testicles. Other symptoms include fever, headache, muscles aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite. There is no treatment, and symptoms usually resolve themselves within a few weeks. Mumps is usually a mild disease in children, but adults may have more serious disease with complications.
“If parents observe symptoms of mumps in their child, we are strongly requesting that the child be kept at home for the five days after those symptoms are discovered,” said State Epidemiologist Dr. Kristy Bradley. “This is the most effective way to prevent the disease from spreading.”
Two doses of the MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine that are required for school attendance is 88% effective in preventing mumps.