Officials with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MoAF) are advising the public to abstain from consuming raw or unpasteurized milk or milk products in light of dozens of human cases reported in North Batinah in Al Batinah North Governorate.
According to a Muscat Daily report, 48 cases of human brucellosis have been reported.
The MoAF is taking the following actions due to the increase in cases: Tightening quarantine measures, increasing epidemiological investigations and strengthening the food security system in the sultanate.
Brucellosis is a contagious disease of animals that also affects humans. The disease is also known as Bang’s Disease. In humans, it’s known as Undulant Fever.
Brucellosis is one of the most serious diseases of livestock, considering the damage done by the infection in animals. Decreased milk production, weight loss, loss of young, infertility, and lameness are some of the affects on animals.
The Brucella species are named for their primary hosts: Brucella melitensis is found mostly is goats, sheep and camels, B. abortus is a pathogen of cattle, B. suis is found primarily in swine and B. canis is found in dogs.
There are two common ways people get infected with brucellosis. First, individuals that work with infected animals that have not been vaccinated against brucellosis. This would include farmers, slaughterhouse workers and veterinarians.
They get infected through direct contact or aerosols produced by the infected animal tissue. B. abortus and B. suis are most common.
The second way is through ingesting unpasteurized dairy products. This is seen in people who travel to areas of the Middle East or Latin America (B. melitensis) where brucellosis is endemic in ovine ad bovine animals.
Brucellosis is also an occupational hazard to laboratory workers who inappropriately handle specimens or have an accident or spill. Brucella is highly infectious in the aerosolized form.
If someone gets infected with Brucella, the incubation period is about 2-3 weeks, though it could be months. Fever, night sweats, severe headache and body aches and other non-specific symptoms may occur.
Acute and chronic brucellosis can lead to complications in multiple organ systems. The skeletal, central nervous system, respiratory tract, the liver, heart, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts can all be affected. Untreated brucellosis has a fatality rate of 5%.
- Philippines: DOH statement on WHO position paper on dengue vaccine
- New York: Mumps increase reported in Nassau County
- Zika update: CDC’s Frieden says ‘It’s possible that the mosquitoes there are resistant to the insecticides that have been used’
- Jamaica Zika update: Case count, Guillain Barre Syndrome meds stockpile and Beenie Man