The investigation into an outbreak of measles in the south central European country has shown a probable link to an international dog show held in Vrtojba, Nova Gorica on 8 and 9 November 2014, according to a report by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) Friday.

Measles rash Image/CDC
Measles rash
Image/CDC

The National Institute of Public Health in Slovenia (NIJH) has reported on 15 measles cases, 11 confirmed and 4 probable, as of Dec. 2.

The 15 patients had  a history of visiting the dog show, which attracted 670 exhibitors from 27 countries in Vrtojba, on Slovenia’s eastern border with Italy.

The ECDC says Slovenia has interrupted endemic measles transmission and measles vaccination uptake is high. The risk of extensive spread from this outbreak is considered low, and the risk that it would result in the re-establishment of endemic measles transmission in the country is considered very low.

Measles or rubeola, is an acute highly communicable viral disease that is characterized by Koplik spots in the cheek or tongue very early in the disease. A couple of days later a red blotchy rash appears first on the face, and then spreads, lasting 4-7 days. Other symptoms include fever, cough and red watery eyes. The patient may be contagious from four days prior to the rash appearance to four days after rash appearance.

The disease is more severe in infants and adults. Complications from measles which is reported in up to 20% of people infected include; seizurespneumonia, deafness and encephalitis. For more infectious disease news and informationvisit and “like” the Infectious Disease News Facebook page

Vaccination is the best protection against measles.

Related: Measles deaths up in 2013, poor progress in vaccinations: WHO