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Spain: Local transmission of malaria in Madrid

An autochthonous, or locally transmitted case of malaria is being investigated in a 3-month-old baby at the University Hospital of Móstoles in the Community of Madrid, according to a Radio Madrid report (computer translated).


The investigation into the case shows that the baby has not been in a malaria endemic area.

According to hospital sources, the little girl was admitted to the hospital about a month ago for some other ailment and yesterday the Public Health Directorate of Madrid had proof of diagnosis.

A working group has been created consisting of the people in charge of the Madrid hospital and Public Health to determine how contagion has occurred.

The report did not specify the type of malaria diagnosed.

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Malaria was eradicated in Spain in 1964; however, the mosquito vector is distributed throughout the territory. The reported cases have been mainly cases imported from travelers to endemic areas.

Cases have been reported in the hospital setting, the last in 2010 and 2011, of patients who coincided with people with malaria during their hospitalization.

Some cases of “airport malaria” have also been described in the vicinity of the Madrid airport and in 2010 the first case of autochthonous malaria after eradication was reported in Huesca.