The Ministry of Health reported Wednesday on an outbreak of mumps in students at the University of Valencia, according to an El Mundo report (computer translated).
To date, six cases have been confirmed in student and another four cases are under investigation. All the cases, students ages 20 and 21 years, are linked to a university party, which was held on September 27.
They began to show symptoms between October 14 and 19. All the cases were vaccinated, according to the report.
Public Health, after confirming the outbreak, has verified the vaccination status of the contacts of those affected and has recommended completing the vaccination schedule if applicable.
Mumps is a viral illness caused by a paramyxovirus, a member of the Rubulavirus family. The average incubation period for mumps is 16 to 18 days, with a range of 12 to 25 days.
Mumps usually involves pain, tenderness, and swelling in one or both parotid salivary glands (cheek and jaw area).
The mumps virus replicates in the upper respiratory tract and spreads through direct contact with respiratory secretions or saliva or through fomites. The risk of spreading the virus increases the longer and the closer the contact a person has with someone who has mumps. When a person is ill with mumps, he or she should avoid contact with others from the time of diagnosis until at least 5 days after the onset of parotitis by staying home from work or school and staying in a separate room if possible.