The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported the first case of hantavirus syndrome in the country this year in a male in his 40s in the north.
The case developed muscle soreness, fever, chills and other symptoms on February 12. On February 14, because the symptoms did not improve, he went to the hospital for medical treatment and was admitted to hospital.
The health unit has gone to the surrounding of the case’s residence and workplace to carry out epidemic investigation, environmental disinfection, placement of mouse cages, and public health education and other prevention and control work.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that Hantavirus syndrome is a zoonotic infectious disease. Humans are at risk of infection by inhaling or contacting dust and objects contaminated by rat feces and urine, or by being bitten by rodents with the virus. The incubation period of hantavirus hemorrhagic fever is several days to two months. The main symptoms are sudden and persistent fever, conjunctival hyperemia, weakness, back pain, headache, abdominal pain, anorexia, vomiting, etc. Hemorrhagic symptoms appear on the 3rd to 6th day , followed by proteinuria, hypotension or oliguria, and some patients will develop shock or mild nephropathy, and may progress to acute renal failure, which can be improved after treatment.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls on the implementation of “no rats to come, no rats to live in, and no rats to eat” is the most effective way to prevent hantavirus. The catering industry, market vendors, food factories, etc. should implement environmental sanitation. If rodent excrement is found, wear a mask, rubber gloves, open doors and windows, and sprinkle diluted bleach (100 cc commercially available bleach + 1 liter of water) on the potentially contaminated environment, and wait for 30 minutes after disinfection. Clean up again; in addition, in order to avoid the spread of the virus in the air, please use disposable paper towels, rags or old newspapers to clean up the dirt, and then seal it in a garbage bag and discard it.
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