The number of measles cases confirmed in Toronto has increased to 10 as reports of the latest case confirmed in a woman was documented Friday. This brings the cumulative total of cases in Ontario province to 18.  This compares to the 22 measles cases reported in the province during the entire 2014.

Measles rash Image/CDC
Measles rash
Image/CDC

Northern Voices Online reports, Public Health officials are actually trying to figure out as to how the woman was exposed to measles. Although her immunization status has not been disclosed,  Toronto Public Health spokesperson Jennifer Veenboer said, “We’re continuing to investigate all aspects of this latest case as we have been with all the other cases”.

The measles virus causes a fever, rash, cough, red watery eyes and a runny nose. The red rash starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body. Most people with measles are sick for up to 10 days and then recover completely. Symptoms are more severe for infants and adults. Measles can lead to ear infections, lung infection (pneumonia), an infection of the brain (encephalitis), and death. Pregnant women with measles can have premature delivery and miscarriages. Measles does not cause birth defects.

Measles is easily spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes, spreading droplets that contain the virus into the air. Less commonly, particles from an infected person can stay in the air for long periods of time and infect others in the same room. Measles is one of the easiest viruses to spread from person to person. It is rarely seen in Canada now due to high vaccination rates.

Related: How contagious is measles? Answer: Very

People infected with measles can spread it to others 4 days before to 4 days after the rash appears.

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