The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice this week for Uttar Pradesh, India due to a Zika virus outbreak.
The outbreak, which started in October, has accounted for 152 cases–two thirds of the total cases reported in India.
The CDC advises:
- Travelers to Uttar Pradesh should take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
- Zika can also be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners.
- Not having sex eliminates the risk of getting Zika from sex. Using condoms can reduce the chance of getting Zika from sex.
- Pregnant people should NOT travel to areas with outbreaks of Zika. CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant people, the sex partners of pregnant people, and people considering pregnancy.
Zika is a disease caused by Zika virus that is primarily spread through mosquito bites. Zika can also be spread through sex.
Many people who are infected with Zika virus do not have symptoms. For those who do have symptoms, they are usually mild and include fever, rash, headache, joint pain, conjunctivitis, and muscle pain. Symptoms usually last for several days to a week.
Zika can be passed from a pregnant person to the fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects. Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika.