Romania’s veterinary authority (ANSVSA) is reporting (computer translated) some 500 outbreaks of African swine fever (ASF) over the past year.

Image/Robert Herriman
Image/Robert Herriman

Officials say in the SE area of Romania, the evolution of the disease is aggressive. The disease was confirmed in 84 localities in the counties of Tulcea, Constanţa, Braila, Ialomita and Galati. 11,772 domestic pigs were killed in households and 49,647 pigs were slaughtered in 3 commercial farms through Thursday.

In Tulcea alone, some 471 outbreaks have been reported.

The culling in two commercial farms was completed and the first disinfection was carried out, and the third killed the pigs. 20 wild boars were affected.

In the northern part of Romania, the disease is slowly evolving, mostly stable, confirmed in 14 localities in the counties of Satu-Mare, Salaj and Bihor. 13 wild boars were affected and 175 domestic pigs were killed.

The evolution of the disease is constantly monitored through clinical and laboratory exams, and the existing situation is analyzed on a daily basis, measures are applied and actions are taken according to circumstances.

The actions of the authorities are undertaken to effectively manage outbreaks of disease, to cull infected animals as quickly as possible and to prevent the spread of the disease.

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious, generalized disease of pigs caused by an Iridovirus of family Asfarviridae that exhibits varying virulence between strains and is very hardy to physical and chemical inactivation. The agent can remain viable for long periods in blood, feces and tissues. It can also multiply in its vectors.

It most commonly appears in the acute form as a hemorrhagic fever. Subacute and chronic forms of the disease also exist. Mortality is usually close to 100 percent and pigs of all ages are affected.

ASF is considered endemic in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It is now established beyond Africa, in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe. In the past, the virus was already detected outside Africa from the 1950s to the 1980s in Europe, the Caribbean and Brazil. The disease was effectively eradicated from outside of Africa with the exception of the Italian island of Sardinia, which remains endemic.

ASF poses no threat to humans.