Mike Coston is the Owner/Editor of Avian Flu Diary

We’ve updates this morning on two (now confirmed) suspected bird flu outbreaks I wrote about yesterday in Germany and Japan (see here, and here) , along with an update on the ongoing H5N8 outbreaks in South Korea.  H5N8 first appeared in South Korea 11 months ago, and since then has forced the culling of nearly 14 million birds across wide swaths of that country.

While some media reports are stating the bird flu outbreaks in Germany and Japan are confirmed as H5N8, others simply state HPAI H5 – and that further characterization is awaited.

Japan Image/CIA

First, an update on Japan’s outbreak.  This first statement from the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries(MAFF), which does not fully identify the subtype, followed by a recent media report (vianews24.jp) on the immediate response.

For confirmation of suspected affected animals of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture

For cases where highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture is suspected, the results of genetic testing, is a H5 subtype, today, has been confirmed to be a pseudo-affected animals.

In addition, combined, I will inform you as Attachment, because there was a prime indication.

1. Overview

For cases where highly pathogenic avian influenza in Miyazaki Prefecture is suspected, the results of genetic testing, is a H5 subtype, today, has been confirmed to be a pseudo-affected animals.

Currently, it is a test in National Agriculture and Food Research Organization National Institute of Animal Health for NA subtypes.

Prefecture measures meeting with bird flu occurrence of Miyazaki Prefecture
(Kumamoto Prefecture)

In response to that bird flu has occurred in the poultry farm in Miyazaki Prefecture Nobeoka, Kumamoto Prefecture was installed the 16th measures meeting. The avian influenza virus, which is seen as highly pathogenic is confirmed, Miyazaki Prefecture Nobeoka of poultry farms. Miya 﨑県 went from dawn the 16th, chickens have been bred in this poultry farm, approximately 4000 birds slaughtered. In addition, this poultry movement and restriction of birds within a radius of three kilometers from, and radius 10 km within the carry-out limit also performed. Kumamoto Prefecture In response to this open the installation and the first round of meeting the livestock epidemic measures meeting that top the the 16th of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Department. The conference was carried out interviews over the phone for all poultry farmers prefecture has been reported that there was no abnormality. In addition measures conference in Kumamoto City opened, it has become a high alert in preparation for the occurrence of the prefecture.

While the latest reports from Germany indicate a HP H5 virus – and while H5N8 is high on the suspect list – a final determination of the subtype has not been made.  At least according to most media reports.

Medical Journal online, 16.12.2014

Lower Saxony

Confirmed bird flu suspected

On a poultry farm in Lower Saxony Cloppenburg the bird flu virus has been detected. Whether it is the Asian dating, dangerous pathogens H5N8, should further tests show during the day.

CLOPPENBURG / HANNOVER. After the detection of avian influenza virus in Lower Saxony further study results are expected this Tuesday.

Specialists of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut Riems to determine which virus subtypes are involved and how dangerous it is.

The disease had occurred on Monday on a turkey farm in Cloppenburg. Almost 20,000 animals on the farm now have to be killed.

Whether it’s the dangerous H5N8 bird flu as recently is in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern , now have to show the test results.

Alone in Cloppenburg nearly 13.5 million turkeys and chickens are kept. Lower Saxony is around 100 million poultry poultry producer in Germany is the most important.

(Continue . . . )

Meanwhile, in South Korea, while we aren’t seeing much media coverage (and what is available doesn’t translate particularly well), they are obviously continuing to see scattered outbreaks of H5N8 on poultry farms,presumably carried by migratory birds.

Yesterday it was announced that the zoo at Ulsan Grand Park would be closed over AI fears.

Ulsan Grand Park ‘AI precaution, zoo temporarily closed

(Ulsan ACN 1) gimgyusin reporter | 16/12/2014 10:27:07 send an investigative

Due to the highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) occurred in the production of Ulsan Grand Park Zoo is temporarily closed.

According to Ulsan City Facilities Management Corporation 16 days from the day to prevent the entry of bird flu bird flu has decided to temporarily calm closed to the point. This complex is that avian influenza region’re about 17km away from the Ulsan Grand Park beyond the scope of avian influenza court explained that. But at least 43.2% of the total passengers Ulsan Grand Park Zoo Considering that Busan, Gyeongnam residents in preventive dimension has been highlighted as a temporary closed. closed for a minimum period of 30 days or more, given the incubation period of 15 days of virus is expected to be. Ulsan Grand Park zoo official said, “Citizens exhibited to the public for the animal to obtain the understanding of the points that inevitably closed for safety reasons,” said “closed period is unclear ago ₩ 0 Visit website or contact us by phone (052- 271-8816 1-8) and asked to check whether the zoo and different operations, “through the Ulsan Grand Park Zoo has exhibited birds such as parrots to Kum Hong, including 22 kinds of more than 900 horses in the nation’s first successful breeding.

And this syntax challenged machine translation of an outbreak in South Gyeongsang, that appears to be the cause of the zoo shutdown.

‘Largest poultry farm miljipji’ production caused highly pathogenic avian influenza AI

Articles input 2014-12-16 11:09

Nearby Busan and Ulsan also emergency alert rush

[ Herald = Yoon Jeong-hee (London) reporter – the largest poultry farm areas in South Gyeongsang production from highly pathogenic (H5N8) avian influenza (AI) let that occur in Yangsan Pusan ​​perimeter and nearby and Ulsan has embarked on an emergency alert.

Gyeongnam Yangsan myeonggokdong one of the farms in the Highly Pathogenic Avian dokgamga occurred, according to the ruling confirmed a rating of 13 days on laying hen farms in densely populated areas in Hebei and nearby (only 40 140 farm animals), the Figure defenses will chobisang stuck in. Last month, 20 days racing farm bird flu at a farm where the conduct occurred after disinfection of their defenses, such as increasing the number of bird flu since last 12 days off were pouring struggled on.

(Continue . . . )

We’ve already seen the H5N8 virus show up this fall in Korea, China, Japan, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK – both in domesticated poultry, and in wild or migratory birds.

Compared to other avian flu viruses we’ve followed over the past decade, this one seems to be spreading geographically at a very rapid rate.

The good news, is that so far there have been no documented human infections with H5N8, and so this virus remains primarily a threat to wild birds and poultry operations.

For more on the spread of H5N8, you may wish to revisit:

FAO Warns On H5N8’s Spread

Bird Flu Spread: The Flyway Or The Highway?

EID Journal: Subclinical HPAI In Vaccinated Poultry – China