Through March 29, the state of Minas Gerais recorded 16,940 probable cases of dengue. Of this total, 7,220 cases were confirmed for the disease. Five deaths were confirmed by the disease in Minas Gerais (Espinosa, Bom Sucesso, Medeiros, Rio Paranaíba and Betim).
Regarding Chikungunya fever, 1,314 probable cases of the disease were registered, of which 247 were confirmed. So far, there is no confirmed case of death by Chikungunya in Minas Gerais, and one remains under investigation.
As for the Zika virus, 28 probable cases were recorded, two of which were confirmed for the disease. There are no deaths from Zika in Minas Gerais so far.
The advice of the Health Department of the Mineira Association of Municipalities (AMM) alerts public managers and the entire population about the dangers of the proliferation of cases in Minas Gerais.
The population is concentrating efforts on combating the coronavirus, but cannot forget to take care to prevent the proliferation of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which transmits Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika, as cases of hospitalization may increase, causing problems to the health system.
In Brazil, dengue was first identified in 1986. The main form of transmission is through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. There are records of vertical transmission (pregnant woman – baby) and blood transfusion. Dengue infection can be asymptomatic, mild, or cause severe illness leading to death. Usually, the first manifestation of dengue is high fever (39° to 40°C), of sudden onset, which usually lasts from 2 to 7 days, accompanied by headache, body and joint pain, prostration, weakness, pain behind the eyes, rash and itchy skin.
Chikungunya fever is a disease transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The main symptoms are rapid onset high fever, intense pain in the joints of the feet and hands, in addition to fingers, ankles and wrists. There may also be headache, muscle pain and red spots on the skin. Symptoms start between two and twelve days after the mosquito bite. About 30% of cases have no symptoms.
Zika was first identified in Brazil in April 2015. The main symptoms are headache, low-grade fever, mild joint pain, red spots on the skin, itching and redness of the eyes. Other less frequent symptoms are swelling in the body, sore throat, coughing and vomiting.
When presenting symptoms, it is important to seek a health service. Control actions occur mainly at the municipal level. When the mosquito’s focus is detected, and it cannot be eliminated by the residents of a certain place, the Municipal Health Department must be called.
And the population can help by fighting mosquito outbreaks. What to do:
Cover the vats and water tanks.
Keep gutters clean at all times.
Always leave bottles upside down.
Keep bins well covered.
Leave drains clean and with screen application.
Clean weekly or fill potted plant dishes with sand.
Clean the pet water pots with a brush or loofah.
Remove accumulated water in the service area, behind the washing machine.
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