By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

Below is a computer translated transcript of China’s National Health Commission press conference today (it’s a long read, but worth the time):

Time: January 26, 2020
  Location: Information Office of the State Council
  Host: Deputy Director of the Information Bureau of the State Council Xi Yanchun Jun Jiabin
  Guest: Director of the National Health Committee and Secretary of the Party Committee Ma Xiaowei
      Deputy Director of the National Health Committee and Member of the Party Group Li Bin
      Industry and Information Wang Xiaoping, Deputy Minister of Chemical Industry
      , Liu Xiaoming, Deputy Minister of Transportation,

  Yan Yanchun:
  Ladies and gentlemen, reporter friends, good afternoon. Everyone is welcome to attend the press conference of the State Council Information Office. Recently, the pneumonia epidemic of new coronavirus infection has received great attention from the media. The safety and health of the people, especially the people in Wuhan, affect each of us. Today, we invited Mr. Ma Xiaowei, Director of the National Health Committee, Secretary of the Party Group, Mr. Li Bin, Deputy Director, Mr. Wang Jiangping, Deputy Minister of Industry and Information Technology, and Liu Xiaoming, Deputy Minister of Transportation, and asked them to introduce the new type of coronavirus infection. Relevant information on the joint prevention and control of pneumonia, and answer your questions.
First of all, please let Mr. Ma Xiaowei introduce. 2020-01-26 15:00:30

Image by Clker-Free-Vector-Images from Pixabay

Ma Xiaowei:
  Hello media friends, Since the outbreak of pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus, the Party Central Committee and the State Council have attached great importance to it. General Secretary Xi Jinping is very concerned about the development of the epidemic and the treatment of patients, and has made important instructions and instructions many times. Yesterday, on the first day of the New Year, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted an executive meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee and heard a report on epidemic prevention and control. The meeting decided that the Party Central Committee should set up a leading group for epidemic response, comprehensively strengthen prevention and control work, and send a steering group to Hubei and other severely affected areas. This is of great significance for consolidating the strength of all parties, uniting action, and winning the victory of prevention and control. Premier Li Keqiang presided over an executive meeting of the State Council, and deployed to carry out epidemic prevention and control work in accordance with the “Class B Infectious Diseases and Class A Management”. Comrade Sun Chunlan, Vice Premier of the State Council, studied the epidemic many times, and went to Wuhan to check the situation and deploy the work. Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the National Health Committee and member units of the joint prevention and control mechanism acted quickly, coordinated the cooperation, and implemented various prevention and control measures in accordance with the principle of territorial management. I mainly did the following work and made a report to friends in the media: 2020-01-26 15:01:45
  Ma Xiaowei:
  First, carry out disease traceability and technical guidance. Organizing experts to identify the pathogen in a relatively short period of time, the epidemic situation was found to determine the new coronavirus more than a week, and then printed out the guidelines for diagnosis and treatment, emergency monitoring, epidemiological investigation and disposal, sampling technology and other programs, and organized research and development of diagnosis The kits are distributed to medical institutions after evaluation, which comprehensively improves the ability of medical institutions to detect cases in a timely manner.
The second is to guide Wuhan City in Hubei Province to implement various prevention and control measures. Taking the prevention and control of Hubei and Wuhan as the top priority, set up a working group in front to urge local governments to quickly close relevant markets, strictly strengthen the management of wildlife breeding, trafficking, trading, and catering, and crack down on illegal transactions. Suspension of the departure from the Han and other channels such as airports and train stations, internal anti-proliferation, external anti-export. Coordinate arrangements for the central medical reserve to call emergency supplies to Wuhan, and transport medical supplies such as protective clothing, masks, gloves, and protective glasses. The central government allocated 1 billion yuan to support Hubei’s epidemic prevention and control work. Overall planning and dispatching of medical resources across the country, seven medical treatment teams of more than 900 people have been sent to Hubei to assist Wuhan, and the subsequent rotation team has been completed and is ready to go. The army has sent a medical team of 450 people in place. At the same time, there are 8 medical teams with more than 1,000 people on standby.
The third is to strengthen epidemic prevention and control across the country. Currently, 30 provinces across the country have initiated first-level responses to public health emergencies. Develop and implement community-based prevention and control measures, implement grid-based, carpet-style management, implement health tracking management services for personnel from Wuhan, and do a good job of health management for personnel with a history of travel in Wuhan. Promote prevention and control experience in Beijing and Hebei province, and detect cases early. Refund air, rail, highway, and water passengers free of charge, and suspend the travel activities of travel clubs. Control and organize large-scale activities, reduce the gathering of people, issue public prevention guidelines on tourism, family, public places, public transportation, home observation, etc., implement measures for ventilation, disinfection, and temperature measurement of key places and closed transportation, and strictly prevent the passage of traffic Tools to spread the outbreak. At the same time, strengthen market control of wildlife. 2020-01-26 15:04:14
  Ma Xiaowei: The
  fourth is to go all out to treat patients. The diagnosis and treatment plan was revised in a timely manner, and the list of designated hospitals at the county level or above and the hot clinics were announced to the society. Strengthen medical treatment, strictly follow the principle of “concentrating patients, experts, resources, and treatment”, pay attention to the integration of traditional Chinese and western medicine, and implement “one person, one case” for severe cases to minimize deaths. Implement a subsidy policy for patient assistance to ensure that no one can affect treatment due to cost issues.
Fifth, step up scientific research. Establish a national scientific research expert group, start the implementation of emergency projects, adhere to the problem-oriented, and focus on scientific and technological research in the areas of virus traceability, drug screening, traditional Chinese medicine prevention and treatment, intensive care, and vaccine research and development.
Sixth, do a good job in propaganda and interpretation. Every day before 8 am, the National Health and Health Commission released the epidemic data of the previous day, organized experts to do a good job of interpretation, and spread knowledge of epidemic prevention to the society.
Seventh, deepen exchanges and cooperation. The World Health Organization was notified of the epidemic situation in a timely manner, shared technical information, and shared the entire genome sequence of some strains. The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tan Desai, thanked the Chinese government and believed that China’s leadership in global health was reflected. Experts from the World Health Organization are invited to visit Wuhan, and experts from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan are arranged to conduct field trips to Wuhan. After an assessment, the World Health Organization has announced that the epidemic situation will not be identified as a “public health emergency of international concern” for the time being.
At present, the epidemic prevention and control is in a critical period. Experts believe that the week of the Spring Festival is the best window period for “great isolation and disinfection” to play its role, and it is also a key period for the epidemic to be suppressed outside Wuhan. Next, under the leadership of the Central Epidemic Response Leading Group, we will take epidemic prevention and control as the top priority, classify guidance, implement precise policies, and scientifically prevent and control according to law. 2020-01-26 15:09:09
  Ma Xiaowei:
  One is to keep an eye on Wuhan. Urge Hubei Province and Wuhan City to adopt the strictest prevention and control measures in accordance with the law, strictly close contact with people at home, reduce all kinds of gathering activities of the masses, detect cases and suspected illnesses in time, strictly prevent death, and resolutely curb the epidemic.
The second is keeping an eye on the country. Comprehensive mobilization, comprehensive deployment, comprehensive strengthening, community prevention and control, and strict management of personnel from Wuhan to various provinces within 15 days. Giving play to the role of community streets, ensuring that people are tracked, registered, community management, on-site observation, epidemic situation is found, and immediately transferred to conditional medical institutions for isolation. Here, it is important to emphasize the strengthening of epidemic prevention and control in rural areas, give full play to the role of township hospitals and county hospitals, strengthen the leadership of local governments at the township level, and resolutely prevent the epidemic from spreading in rural areas.
The third is to make every effort to strengthen case management. Severe cases are concentrated in the hospital with the strongest comprehensive strength in each place, or a specialist in respiratory department is dispatched by the local hospital with a strong comprehensive strength, and is on duty 24 hours a day. Integrate Chinese and Western medicine and make every effort to reduce severe cases and deaths. Medical staff in Hubei Province, especially Wuhan City, have been fighting for a long time in the front line, trying their best to treat patients, control the epidemic, and put in hard work, showing the lofty spirit of great love. Today and tomorrow, we will send another 12 teams of 1,600 people to the urgently needed materials for epidemic prevention and control. The relevant departments are stepping up coordination to ensure timely and full availability.
An epidemic is an order, and prevention and control is a responsibility. We will go all out to do a good job in prevention and control, give full play to the institutional advantages of socialism with Chinese characteristics, use our accumulated experience in the prevention and control of major public health events, and rely on the majority of medical workers and the people to fight an epidemic. In the People’s War, we have the confidence, determination, and ability to win the epidemic. 2020-01-26 15:12:17
  attack Yanchun:
  Thank you Mr. Ma Xiaowei. Let ’s start asking questions. Please inform your news organization before asking questions. 2020-01-26 15:14:08
  CCTV reporter CCTV:
  Yesterday the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee made a lot of important deployments on epidemic prevention and control. How should we implement these deployments in the next step and what measures are there? Thank you. 2020-01-26 15:14:26
  Ma Xiaowei:
  ”One point deployment, nine points implementation”, and the effective implementation of the central government’s measures on epidemic prevention and control is the key to controlling the spread of the epidemic and achieving victory in the battle of prevention and control.
The first is to give full play to our institutional and mechanism advantages. The Party Central Committee decided to set up a leading group for the response to the epidemic, and work under the leadership of the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau. At the same time, a steering group was dispatched to areas with severe outbreaks in Hubei. We also have a joint prevention and control mechanism composed of many departments. This leadership system is conducive to national overall planning, military and territory coordination, mobilizing medical resources and materials in all aspects of the country, ensuring necessary prevention and control work, and working closely to cooperate closely.
The second is to further implement territorial responsibility. In particular, strengthen the responsibility of local party committees and governments at all levels. The implementation of territorial responsibility is not only a requirement of the central government, but also a requirement of laws such as the Law on Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases, and it is also a requirement of the current prevention and control work. As far as we know, the provinces have generally established a leadership system in which party committees and governments are mainly responsible for comrades in charge and a joint prevention and control mechanism involving multiple departments.
The third is to strengthen guidance on prevention and control in various places. The Health and Health Commission has conducted the first round of full-scale supervision of the prevention and control work in all provinces across the country, supervising the implementation of various prevention and control measures. The relevant departments of the State Council ’s joint prevention and control work mechanism will also carry out supervision as necessary. At the same time, we will send working groups to the provinces one after another to guide local governments to carry out prevention and control work. It is particularly emphasized that since the outbreak of the epidemic, the majority of medical staff have worked hard, and the citizens of traffic control areas such as Wuhan have actively cooperated with preventive and control measures to create conditions for further controlling the spread of the epidemic. We believe that with the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core and the strong backing of the people across the country, we will surely win the battle against epidemic prevention and control. 2020-01-26 15:20:34
  Liu Xiaoming:
  Let me do a supplementary introduction. After the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee yesterday, the Ministry of Transport attached great importance to earnestly implementing the important instructions of General Secretary Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang on epidemic prevention work, studying overnight, implementing and deploying. The epidemic situation is an order, and prevention and control is a responsibility. From 22nd to 25th, Comrade Chuandang and Comrade Xiaopeng of the Ministry of Transport held six working meetings of the prevention and control mechanism. Strengthen dispatching, especially with Hubei and Wuhan transportation departments. There are several areas of focus, and I can report to you:
we launched timely prevention and control deployment. On January 21, the Ministry of Transport initiated a secondary emergency response to prevent and control the pneumonia epidemic of the new coronavirus infection, established a joint prevention and control mechanism for the Ministry of Transport, and deployed overnight to adapt to local conditions such as cars and ships Relevant measures such as ventilation, disinfection and passenger temperature detection shall be conducted with stations, docks, and highway service areas. At present, the prevention and control of the epidemic situation is also superimposed on the protection of the Spring Festival transportation. We also hope that the majority of travellers can actively strengthen self-protection, scientifically arrange itineraries, and consciously cooperate with inspection and isolation work. Working together, I believe we will be able to win this tough battle. 2020-01-26 15:21:12
  Wang Jiangping: After the
  epidemic, the party group of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology attaches great importance to it, and our task is to take the lead to do a good job of preventing and controlling material security. Because the Spring Festival holiday period, the contradiction between supply and demand of prevention and control materials is very prominent, we have taken several measures to strengthen the security work.
The first is the general mobilization of the national industrial information system. Various agencies and production enterprises have overcome various difficulties and have tried everything to resume work and production.
The second is to establish a dispatching system for key prevention and control material production enterprises.
The third is to actively promote the establishment of a national temporary reserve system for prevention and control materials to ensure the procurement reserves for prevention and control materials.
The fourth is to guide the e-commerce platform to control prices, flow, and reasonable delivery, and establish a supply and demand mechanism for e-commerce.
The fifth is to do everything possible to ensure the demand for Wuhan prevention and control materials. Since the 23rd, we have received a list of four batches of supplies in Wuhan. They are roughly more than 20 varieties in four categories. Most of the supplies can meet the needs, but the demand for supplies such as protective clothing and masks is very prominent. . Everyone knows that China is a big country of production, but because of the Spring Festival holiday, our production capacity has not been realized. Through the efforts during this period, the resumption of production and production has reached 40%, but products such as protective clothing are still difficult to meet demand. The demand list provided to us by Hubei Province is roughly 100,000 pieces of medical protective clothing per day, and 3 million pieces per month. However, there are only 40 companies that meet China’s standard production capacity licenses, distributed in 14 provinces. The total production capacity is only 30,000 units per day, and the contradiction between supply and demand is very prominent.
In addition, we do have a part of the production capacity for export, which is about 50,000 sets per day, but without the Chinese standard license, it will take a little time to switch to domestic sales.
In the next step, we must do everything possible to ensure the needs of the epidemic area. We understand that Wuhan Hospital is short of supplies. Comrades in our material security team are very worried. In the next step, we must take more measures to do everything possible to ensure the demand of Wuhan. First, we must use the central reserve to ensure the needs of the affected areas. Second, we must do everything possible to resume work and resume production, and rapidly increase the current production capacity from 40%. Third, we must promote the convergence of export standards with Chinese standards so that export products that meet EU standards and US standards can be used in some areas of China. Finally, we need to strengthen international cooperation. In fact, we have promoted international procurement to address domestic needs, and I will add so much. 2020-01-26 15:24:31
Yanchun : Do  foreign journalists have any concerns? 2020-01-26 15:36:37
  AFP reporter:
  I have two questions. The first is about traffic restrictions. We know that some Chinese cities have begun to implement restrictions on public transportation and intercity transportation. I would like to ask whether such restrictions will be extended to the whole country? The second is about the severity of the new coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. Will this outbreak be more severe than SARS, and will mortality and infection rates be better than SARS? 2020-01-26 15:37:13
  Ma Xiaowei:
  I asked two questions just now. The first question asked Director Li Bin of the Health and Health Committee to answer. 2020-01-26 15:42:09
  Li Bin:
  Regarding your concerns, it actually involves the measures we are currently taking, and transportation-related management is one aspect. The measures we are taking now are constantly adjusted according to the needs of the epidemic situation, and these adjustments are made in accordance with laws and regulations. At present, these measures are the most severe measures. Both internationally and domestically, they are measures based on the accumulated experience in the actual fight against infectious diseases. If these measures can be implemented, experts estimate that the spread of the epidemic is expected to be curbed, the intensity of the epidemic will be weakened, and the peak of the epidemic will be delayed, making time for the next stage of more effective prevention and control.
In addition, the question you are concerned about actually involves the next step of the epidemic. We pay close attention to this. From our understanding, this disease is a new disease, and humans have limited knowledge of it. It is not clear about the possible changes in the disease, and the progress of the epidemic is not fully controlled in our hands. We will The epidemic situation is constantly changing, policies are continuously adjusted, measures are perfected, and various prevention and control requirements are implemented. In this way, we can be fully prepared to continuously improve our ability to respond to changes in the epidemic, effectively achieve prevention and control goals, and control the epidemic. 2020-01-26 15:42:27
  Liu Xiaoming:
  I would like to answer a question from AFP reporters. Your question is very good. Because transportation, especially transportation, is a way to spread the virus, some places and cities have restrictions on modes of transportation and transportation. This is necessary, and it can effectively block the transmission of the virus through this method. aisle.
I think journalists may have paid attention to this. For example, Beijing suspended the operation of long-distance passenger transport yesterday. It turned out that the long-distance passenger transport of Beijing was suspended from the first to the fourth day, and resumed from the fifth day. This work has now been suspended. At the same time, you may notice that there is a subway in Shanghai connecting with Suzhou, and it will no longer be in the direction of Jiangsu at 1 o’clock this afternoon. The purpose is to keep the soil responsible and block the channels of virus transmission. We think these measures are still very effective. There is an old saying in China, “The shoes don’t fit well, I know best”. When party committees and governments in various places make overall arrangements for their own measures, they will take measures according to local conditions.
Everyone is also concerned that, from the perspective of the transportation department, in addition to some of the situations just described, we have some deployments for long-distance passenger transportation, civil aviation, and railway. On the one hand, we must implement ventilation and disinfection of transportation, and set up reservations at some stations. Observation room, if abnormal body temperature is measured, further monitoring should be conducted in observation room. It is indeed necessary for the health department to make unified arrangements.
One point, I need to explain to you that some cities have taken some measures that will not affect the operation of the entire city. The reasonable travel of ordinary people can be guaranteed, the transportation of key materials can be guaranteed, and the living materials of ordinary people are also given priority.
You may also notice that in order to reduce the flow of people, railways, civil aviation, and road traffic implemented the policy of refunding fares for the first time. The original policy was only for entering and leaving Wuhan, but later expanded to the whole country, reflecting the government’s greater concern for the travel of ordinary people. Thank you. 2020-01-26 15:42:56
  Ma Xiaowei:
  Since the outbreak, scientists in China, especially virologists, have done a lot of work. One week after the outbreak, a new coronavirus was isolated from patient samples and the pathogens were found. From the perspective of gene sequencing, the new coronavirus is a new strain that is different from the SARS virus and the MERS virus. A new member has been added to the coronavirus family. Judging from the clinical epidemiological data, it was initially understood that the virus may have changed from wild animals to humans in the early days, and now it gradually began to adapt to survive in humans and enter the period of human-to-human transmission. From the current clinical cases, there are In some severe cases and some mild cases, the virus has begun to spread from person to person. According to recent clinical data, the transmission of the virus seems to have increased, and the toxicity and pathogenicity of the virus need to be analyzed based on more clinical data.
Judging from the present, the spread of the epidemic situation is relatively fast, which brings some challenges and pressures to prevention and control. Experts predict that the epidemic is now entering a more severe and complicated period, and the measures taken by Wuhan’s prevention and control work have played an important role in controlling the epidemic. Judging from the work across the country, the epidemic is still in its early stages of spread. Now the country has taken more powerful measures. These measures should be able to control the epidemic at a lower cost and faster speed, and achieve the final victory in this prevention and control work. 2020-01-26 15:59:06
  China Ratings Agency:
  Why does the government start to “catch the city” when more than 300 pneumonia patients appear in Wuhan ? Does the government conceal the actual number of patients and suspected patient data? What is the actual number of people currently infected in Wuhan? Thank you. 2020-01-26 16:46:22
  Li Bin:
  The actual number of people infected in Wuhan has been posted on the website of the Health and Health Commission, and I will give you a briefing. Our committee received a report from the Hubei Health and Health Committee. As of 24:00 on January 25, Wuhan City, Hubei Province had reported a total of 618 confirmed cases, of which 40 were discharged, 533 are currently hospitalized, and 45 have died. There were also 140 severe cases among the hospitalized cases, and Wuhan City, Hubei Province also reported 112 existing suspected cases.
Wuhan City, Hubei Province, a new coronavirus infection prevention and control headquarters issued a notice on January 23, the city ’s bus, subway, ferry, and long-distance buses were suspended. Citizens cannot leave Wuhan for no special reason. At the same time, the airport and train station leave the Han corridor. shut down. Now the highway is gradually closing. These measures are necessary to prevent the epidemic from spreading further and curb the spread of the epidemic. These measures will have an effect on the epidemic control in Wuhan and will also have an effect on the national epidemic control. Thank you. 2020-01-26 16:46:47
  TASS News
Agency :  Regarding the problem of the epidemic, how long does it take to process the epidemic? Any comments? Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:10:19
  Ma Xiaowei:
  At present, the epidemic situation is severe and complex, and it is in a critical period of prevention and control. From the scope of transmission, there are local outbreaks in Wuhan and multiple outbreaks across the country. In addition to Tibet, confirmed cases and suspected cases have been reported in 30 provinces across the country. Cases have been found in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan in China, and cases have also been found in some neighboring countries. From the perspective of transmission characteristics, some patients have low or normal early body temperature, more mild cases, and recessive infection. At present, the infectivity of the virus is increasing, and the “walking source of infection” has greatly increased the difficulty of prevention and control. Judging from the epidemic situation, the main route is respiratory transmission. Our knowledge of the new coronavirus is still very limited, the source of infection has not been found, the mechanism of transmission and the mutation of the virus are unclear. As a new infectious disease, the possibility of the virus changing over a period of time may not be ruled out. There may be some new situations appearing, and the degree of harm of the virus to people of different ages is also changing. We have experience in combating SARS. The SARS epidemic took three to four months to pass. The pneumonia epidemic of the new coronavirus infection has mild patients. The incubation period is also infectious from observation. The incubation period is about 10 Around one day, the shortest was one day, and the longest was 14 days, which is very different from SARS. At present, the rate of development of the epidemic is accelerating. I am afraid that it will continue for some time, and the number of cases may increase.
With the adoption of personnel control measures in Wuhan and the general response to public health emergencies at the first level in all provinces, corresponding measures have been taken, and prevention and control efforts will be further strengthened. It is expected that within a period of time, the prevention and control measures will gradually take effect and exert their effects. 2020-01-26 17:11:05
  Xinhua News Agency:
  We have been very concerned about the prevention and control situation in rural areas. Some media worry that a large number of rural people returned from the city before the Spring Festival, which may include some virus carriers, plus the Spring Festival. Visiting relatives and friends during this period is very common, and rural areas also lack experience in combating SARS. There are problems of low awareness of prevention and poor medical protection conditions, which may become a weak link in the current epidemic prevention war. As the tide of returning home after the holiday affects the city’s epidemic prevention work, what do you think about it? How will we respond? Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:12:08
  Li Bin:
  Let me answer this question. First, rural epidemic prevention is one of the current priorities for prevention and control. China’s health policy has always adhered to focusing on rural areas and grassroots units, which means that rural health work must be given top priority. In the health work, especially in the prevention and control of infectious diseases, we must increase prevention and control efforts. At present, rural prevention and control is integrated with urban community prevention and control. Just now, Director Ma also emphasized this point in the briefing. Further efforts should be made in urban communities to prevent and control them, and in rural areas. The main work is to strengthen several aspects:

The first is to improve the health consciousness, disease prevention awareness and disease prevention ability of the majority of farmers. Strengthen the publicity of epidemic prevention and control knowledge, compile various publicity materials for pneumonitis infected by the new coronavirus, strengthen health education through various forms such as “a letter from the village”, and reduce participation in large-scale gathering activities, especially after symptoms appear. Seek medical attention in a timely manner. For the returnees that everyone is paying close attention to, we hope that friends from the media will join us in calling for returnees to improve their awareness of disease prevention and consciously voluntarily conduct medical observations when they return home. Implementation.
The second is to carry out tracking and medical observation on returnees and mobile workers, especially those in Wuhan. Health reminders and health screening should be implemented for those who enter the local area from Wuhan to find out if they have fever, cough, chest tightness and other uncomfortable symptoms, fill out a health registration card, and be effectively managed by the local township health center and village doctor. Daily screening and daily reporting to strengthen health management.
The third is to do a good job in the diagnosis, treatment, tracking and screening of patients and suspected cases. Medical institutions at or above the county level should strengthen pre-checking and triage, set up fever clinics, make it easier for patients to seek medical treatment, and provide patients with protective supplies. The patient developed respiratory symptoms and went to the township health center for treatment without fever; to the fever clinic for fever. Those found to be infected should be sent to designated hospitals in a timely manner, and close medical contacts should be effectively medically isolated. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the control of nosocomial infections in medical institutions at all levels in rural areas and strengthen personnel training. Recently, we have increased the training of rural medical and health personnel, and two rounds of prevention and control training have been conducted nationwide. The training of technical guides and clinical protection requirements through videos has been trained to the county level, which has significantly improved the service capabilities of primary medical staff. At the same time, it is required to implement training at both the grassroots and rural levels, and make sure that the rural network is truly organized. The county-level health and health administrative department guides the personnel of township health centers and village clinics to implement grass-roots screening and medical follow-up, especially in the field. The health management responsibilities of returnees ensure the implementation of various prevention and control measures at the rural grassroots level. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:12:32
  People’s Daily:
  At present, during the Spring Festival, travel needs are relatively large. What measures have the transportation system taken to prevent and control the epidemic and what measures will be taken to meet the peak of returning to the city? ? Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:18:06
  Liu Xiaoming: At
  present, it is very important for the transportation department to do a good job in the Spring Festival transportation and to prevent and control the epidemic situation. Just now I have introduced some work on prevention and control, and I will introduce some work. Currently, 30 first-level responses have been initiated in 31 provinces across the country. Only Tibet has adopted a second-level emergency response because there are no cases. In response to the problem that Wuhan’s medical care staff and individual patients could not guarantee medical transportation in the early stage, we contacted the Wuhan Transportation Department to communicate with them and instructed them to establish an emergency taxi fleet, which required 310 buses and 4,700 taxis to ensure travel. According to the latest statistics at 7 o’clock this morning, the national transportation system has invested 263,500 front-line prevention and control personnel, and set up 6,672 quarantine stations in the service area of ​​expressways and waterways and highway passenger stations. In order to ensure the transportation of goods, 4,196 green corridors were opened on the expressway, and 54,700 vehicles for emergency transportation were reserved, including refrigerated trucks and freight transport vehicles, to ensure the needs of emergency transportation.
Journalists are concerned about the Spring Festival Transport and Epidemic Prevention. Judging from the situation during the Spring Festival, because of the epidemic situation, transportation may be an important way to spread pneumonia. We have taken some emergency measures, and now we see that the transportation volume of the Spring Festival Transport has decreased. Yesterday was the first day, and our statistics decreased by 28.8% over the same period last year. Compared with the first day of last year, the first day of this year should normally be slightly larger, but this year’s mobility has indeed decreased: railways have decreased by 41.5%, road transport has decreased by 25%, and civil aviation has decreased by 41.6%. Although the mobility has been reduced, Director Ma Xiaowei also mentioned earlier that the epidemic will continue for some time. In the next step, according to the needs of the entire economic and social development, production must be resumed, migrant workers must enter the city, workers must return to the factory, and relatives must return. In this process, the transportation department must do a good job of returning to the city during the Spring Festival. And epidemic defense.
The first is to further strengthen the ventilation and disinfection of vehicles, and implement the actual operation of temperature detection and observation room. This process must be strictly implemented.
The second is to reduce the possibility of spreading the epidemic. Including the resumption of the long-distance passenger transport in Beijing, which I introduced just now, because the long-distance passenger space is relatively small, it is postponed. For other transportation vehicles with relatively large space, we increase the capacity more. According to the current situation, the passenger flow is decreasing, and the space between people is even greater.
The third is to hope that the majority of passengers can strengthen self-protection and cooperate with the transportation department to do a good job of temperature detection and other tasks. We have established a registration system for passenger information cards with the Health and Health Commission and local departments. Everyone who takes a plane, train, or long-distance bus must register an information card to protect themselves and others.
The fourth is to further strengthen the self-protection of the driver and sales staff. On the one hand, the strength and combat effectiveness of the transportation can be maintained, and on the other hand, the passengers are protected. One point I would like to tell you again. In some places, in order to protect communities or certain areas, some rigid isolation facilities have been set up. We understand that. Deputy Director Li Bin also said just now that it is very important for the community, especially in rural areas, to strengthen their own protection. It is a responsibility to keep the soil. I think this is a good measure. However, from the perspective of transportation, I think we should promote the work in accordance with the principle of “one break and three continuations”: “one break” is to firmly block the channel of virus transmission; “three continuations” means that the road transportation network cannot be interrupted, ensuring the entire society The operation cannot be interrupted, the emergency transport green channel cannot be interrupted, and the necessary mass transportation channels for production and living materials cannot be interrupted. Vice Minister Jiang Ping said just now that we must resume production, raw materials must be available to resume production, and the products produced must be shipped out as soon as possible. In this regard, I feel that we need to implement the epidemic prevention work in accordance with the principle of “one break, three ceaseless”. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:19:29
  Reporter of
Dong-A Ilbo, South Korea:  As far as I know, the situation of clustered disease has emerged. From this situation, is it possible that the epidemic situation has entered the next stage, how to determine the current transmission capacity? Is there a mutation in the virus? Please be specific. Finally, what kind of prevention and control measures will Beijing take in the next stage? Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:20:17
  Ma Xiaowei:
  This question can be answered in two ways. Liu Xiaoming will answer questions about transportation, and Li Bin will answer questions about viruses. 2020-01-26 17:21:05
  Liu Xiaoming:
  I have introduced the traffic problem just now. There were related reports yesterday evening and this morning because Beijing’s long-distance passenger transportation is temporarily resumed. As you know, Beijing is the most developed city in China, and roads, railways, and civil aviation are very developed. In the daily transportation process, except for small passenger cars, the number of daily trips by road transport is about 3-5 million, with a peak The period is 70,000 to 90,000. The number of people traveling by civil aviation is 300,000 or more. The annual traffic of the capital airport is more than 100 million. In addition to the original Nanyuan Airport, the current Daxing International Airport has a basic daily volume. There are more than 300,000 person-times; the majority of those traveling by rail are 500,000-600,000 person-times. In order to do a better job in Beijing’s prevention and control work, the Beijing Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government have attached great importance to it and adopted a series of measures. Everyone has noticed that Beijing has issued a corresponding release. Judging from the measures currently taken, the demand for passenger traffic has decreased, and the temporary restoration of the highway has not affected much of Beijing. Beijing transportation has maintained a good and smooth travel, and everyone can buy tickets. This is the traffic situation. 2020-01-26 17:21:30
  Li Bin:
  After the outbreak in Beijing, the Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government attached great importance to the establishment of a leading group led by the Secretary of the Municipal Party Committee and took effective precautionary measures. Beijing’s prevention and control measures have good guidance and reference significance for urban prevention and control in the country. The State Council’s joint prevention and control work mechanism has been transmitted to the whole country in ten aspects of Beijing’s prevention and control measures. Just now, Director Ma introduced the prevention and control measures across the country. It can be seen that many regions have learned from the practices of Beijing. You can go to the relevant websites of Beijing to learn about the situation.
Regarding the mutation of the virus, at the last press conference, friends in the media were very concerned, and we have communicated with friends in the media. At present, we have been closely monitoring the mutation of the virus, because this issue is really too critical. Now our information is consistent with the information given to media friends last time, and no evidence of virus mutation has been found. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:25:52
  Ma Xiaowei:
  Virus mutation is a matter of great concern to everyone. Today, together with the press conference, Mr. Gao Fu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, was the host of the successful isolation of a new type of coronavirus. The situation. 2020-01-26 17:26:55
  Gao Fu:
  Thank you, this reporter friend, everyone is very concerned about this matter. Just now, Director Xiao Wei introduced the process of virus discovery. I am doing virus research. Each virus has its own characteristics. From the perspective of human perception of coronaviruses, coronaviruses will mutate as they spread through the body. This is the previous understanding of other coronaviruses. We have been paying close attention to whether the virus will mutate. Due to the development of three generations of sequencing technology, we can quickly see its various changes. But because coronavirus is different from other viruses, if it is an avian flu virus, it may tell everyone whether it has changed and where it changed. From the beginning of the virus to today, no significant changes have been seen in viruses isolated from the environment, viruses previously isolated from humans, and viruses isolated recently. This is our current knowledge of new coronaviruses. We are based on the accumulation of previous knowledge and based on the knowledge of the entire coronavirus or virology. No mutation has been found in the virus, because the differences between the viruses are very small, less than 1%, these differences are still being screened, and further monitoring is needed. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:27:25
  CNBC reporter:
  I would like to ask, how to alleviate the lack of supplies in the first-line hospitals? This is especially the case with a large number of confirmed patients. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:27:59
  Ma Xiaowei:
  In the face of this pneumonia epidemic, the majority of medical staff are fighting at the front line of work day and night, sticking to their posts and forgetting to work. Their work is high-intensity, overloaded, and they are also at risk of infection. We pay tribute to them in the new era of professionalism in health care, dedicated to devotion, and boundless love. ” At the same time, we are also very anxious and very worried about the lack of medical resources in Wuhan, Hubei Province. The National Health and Health Commission supports and guides local health departments to coordinate the allocation of bed resources. By yesterday evening, the adjustment of medical resources in Wuhan was obvious. Improved, newly opened 2,400 beds. From the military to the local area, more than 2,360 medical staff have arrived in Wuhan. In the next three days, Wuhan may open nearly 5,000 beds. The shortage of medical resources and the inability to live in hospitals will ease. 2020-01-26 17:28:46
  Wang Jiangping:
  I will add a few words to this question. I just said that the most prominent contradiction between supply and demand in Wuhan epidemic area is the problem of protective clothing. There is a great contradiction between demand and capacity. Every day The demand is 100,000 pieces, and the production capacity is only 13,000 pieces per day. Some time ago, we have been using inventory to ensure demand. In the next step, we will do everything we can to ensure the needs of the front line. The first is to use the central reserve to mobilize all protective clothing in the central reserve to Wuhan. Second, a batch of materials was mobilized from other fraternal provinces and regions. The emergency start today, and more than 10,000 sets of materials were also sent to the surrounding area. 220,000 pieces of international procurement were also on the way. The third is to promote this part of the export and solve the problem of convergence with Chinese standards, so that these protective clothing can be used in stages to maximize the effectiveness of limited resources. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:34:38
  CGTN reporter of China Central Radio and Television:
  We know that the international community is very concerned about the epidemic. What is the cooperation with the international community in the prevention and control of this epidemic? Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:37:39
  Ma Xiaowei:
  After the epidemic, we have conducted full communication and cooperation with the World Health Organization, relevant countries, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan in an open and transparent manner. The first is to share the epidemic situation and technical information in a timely manner with the World Health Organization. We immediately notified the World Health Organization about the isolation of the new coronavirus and shared the whole gene sequence of the new coronavirus. At the same time, we organized in-depth technical exchanges between Chinese experts and experts from the World Health Organization, and invited experts from the World Health Organization to visit Wuhan, Hubei, to further understand the situation, deepen their understanding and awareness of the epidemic situation, work together and respond together. At the invitation of WHO, China participated in two meetings of members of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee, briefing the Committee on the situation of the epidemic and taking preventive and control measures.
The second is to do a good job of bilateral communication. We have always maintained close contacts with the health administrations of Japan, Thailand, South Korea, the United States and other embassies in China, sharing information and intelligence, verifying information on suspected and confirmed cases, and responding to foreign concerns in a timely manner. At the same time, we have also strengthened cooperation with Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. In addition to regular information sharing, we also invited Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan experts to Wuhan to conduct on-site inspections and have in-depth exchanges with local medical staff. At the request of Hong Kong and Macau, we also provide diagnostic kits for free.
In the next step, we must continue to cooperate closely with the World Health Organization and relevant countries and regions, share information in a timely manner, and promptly and transparently report the situation of epidemic prevention and control. 2020-01-26 17:37:57
Yanchun :  Time, the last question. 2020-01-26 17:39:16
  TV TOKYO reporter:
  My question is about page 4 of the material released today, which mentioned the strict management of people leaving Wuhan. What measures will the government take to implement such measures? management. Please give us more details. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:39:53
  Ma Xiaowei:
  This question was answered by Li Bin, deputy director of the National Health and Health Commission. 2020-01-26 17:51:49
  Li Bin:
  This issue was introduced by Director Ma just now when he briefed you. For this part of the staff from Wuhan, effective management should be carried out in accordance with the principles of “tracing people, registering them in the community, community management, visiting people, regulating transfers, and abnormal medical treatment.” . The key now is to implement measures to urban communities and rural areas, because urban communities and rural areas are the first line of defense, and practice has proven to be a more effective management tool. The government attaches great importance to community management, especially the management of personnel from Wuhan, and has already deployed this work, mainly taking several measures:
First, tracking people. Early detection of patients, timely diagnosis, isolation and treatment, county-level medical institutions are required to strengthen pre-examination and triage, set up fever and respiratory clinics to facilitate medical treatment for patients.
The second is to effectively manage close contacts. After the patients are found, effective management of these close contacts is very important. This is a very effective means and measure for preventing proliferation and spreading. It is necessary to make use of street, rural township grassroots cadres, and rural medical staff, especially village doctors, The role of contracted doctors and preventive health doctors, standardized management of confirmed and suspected cases, and close contacts.
The third is to strengthen the control of migrants entering the community. Take the community as a network to strengthen health monitoring, check out the current situation, and take targeted prevention and control measures. In other words, before the first two measures, the border moved forward further, focusing on tracking the personnel from the place where the epidemic occurred. The personnel from Wuhan were the focus, and the home medical observation was carried out for 14 days. During the observation period, the doctors at the basic level will visit the hospital every day for medical management.
The fourth is to carry out health education for residents. By issuing announcements, first give health reminders to people from Wuhan, so that everyone can take the initiative to take medical observation measures, and actively contact the medical and health institutions in urban communities and the medical and health institutions at the two levels in rural areas. , Accept these prevention and control measures, and accept effective management. Through various publicity channels, health tips and medical guidelines were issued, and the people were scientifically guided to raise awareness, improve their ability, and strengthen their ability to prevent themselves. At the same time, they actively supported the government in effective management and effectively implemented these measures.
Through the above measures, give full play to the mobilization ability of the grass-roots organizations, implement grid management, carpet-like tracking, home-to-people. Mass prevention and control, communities, streets, families, and individuals form a joint force, with responsibility to everyone and contacts with households, to ensure that various prevention and control measures are effectively implemented without leaving dead ends, and to effectively control the spread and spread of the epidemic. Thank you. 2020-01-26 17:53:32
Yanchun :  I know that media friends still have a lot of concerns. Many issues may require us to respond with practical actions and specific measures. We will do our best to live up to the people, and at the same time we will further strengthen the release of information. Starting from tomorrow, the National Health and Health Commission will hold a press conference every morning, and Hubei Province and some places with more epidemics will also hold a press conference every day.
Today, everyone still has a lot of concerns. We also specially invited and arranged for Mr. Gao Fu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and director of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention to continue to accept your questions on the spot after the meeting. Take this opportunity to thank the Chinese and foreign media for their hard work in reporting the public opinion and epidemic situation. Thanks again to several publishers, and thank you all. Today’s conference is over. 2020-01-26 17:54:45