Since the notification of the first two confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae O1 in the greaterPort-au-Prince area on 2 October 2022, to 7 January 2022, the Haiti Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population (MSPP) reported a total of 23,044 suspected cases in 10 departments of the country, including 1,576 confirmed cases, and 464 registered deaths.
Of the total suspected cases, the most affected age group is 1 to 4-year-olds (20%), followed by 20 to 29-year-olds (14.5%) and 5 to 9-year-olds (14%).
UN health officials say the current conditions in Haiti must be considered when analyzing the epidemiological situation of this cholera outbreak using the available official data. Epidemiological
surveillance is affected due to the complex humanitarian and security crisis, added to the limited access to fuel throughout the country, resulting in limited access to health services and laboratories. Moreover, most of the population in the country is in a highly vulnerable situation in the face of established cholera transmission chains in the departments and communes. The humanitarian crisis and insecurity have exacerbated in recent months. This has considerably undermined the efforts of the MSPP and other organizations to implement prevention and control measures, including epidemiological surveillance, leading to underreporting of cases.
The Dominican Republic Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MISPAS) recently reported two new cases of cholera, both detected in the La Zurza sector where exhaustive interventions are carried out in order to maintain control of the disease.
The head of Health said that they were identified through the deep search that is carried out in house-to-house campaigns and active epidemiological surveillance in hospitals.
The new cases include a 33-year-old women and a 44-year-old woman, both of Dominican nationality, residents of the La Zurza sector of the National District, and with no travel history. They received timely medical attention and are already in their homes receiving follow-up since they do not present health complications.
Vice Minister of Collective Health, Dr. Eladio Pérez said that it is necessary to maintain hygiene in the home and other spaces to avoid both cholera and other gastrointestinal diseases.
“Hygiene is everything, good food management and personal care significantly help to avoid gastrointestinal infections, giving each food the correct cooking, avoiding eating some raw, and maintaining control, using potable, chlorinated water, this avoids complications” , he stressed.