Since 2021 to March 2022, a total of seven probable cases of yellow fever including five confirmed have been reported from Congo. The most recent case was reported from Talangai district, Brazzaville, confirmed through plaque reduction neutralization test at Institut Pasteur in Dakar. Two cases were reported from Pointe Noire.
The context is concerning as preventive mass vaccination campaigns are not yet completed outside of Pointe Noire, they have been delayed for a year.
Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever that is spread through the bites of infected mosquitoes.
Symptoms of yellow fever (fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches) develop 3-6 days after infection. About 15% of people infected with yellow fever virus will develop severe illness that can lead to liver disease, bleeding, shock, organ failure, yellowing skin (jaundice), and sometimes death.
There are no medications to treat or cure yellow fever.
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