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According to health officials in Gujarat state, on the western coast of India, a 51-year old man from Lakhapar village in Kutch’s Anjar taluka has reportedly died due to Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), according to local media reports.

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This is the first CCHF case reported in the state this year.

According to state health officials, the deceased reported symptoms of fever and nose-bleeding two to three days prior to his death.

The deceased bred animals and was in the business of animal husbandry, the report states.

According to health officials, in 2022, the state had reported five confirmed cases of CCHF.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.

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Animals become infected by the bite of infected ticks and the virus remains in their bloodstream for about one week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to continue when another tick bites. Although a number of tick genera are capable of becoming infected with CCHF virus, ticks of the genus Hyalomma are the principal vector.

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The CCHF virus is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissues during and immediately after slaughter. The majority of cases have occurred in people involved in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers and veterinarians. Human-to-human transmission is possible.

The virus is widespread in some countries of Africa and Asia, in the Balkans, the Middle East and in the south of the European part of Russia.