The number of diphtheria cases in Malaysia are now 24, with the addition of nine new cases reported in Negeri Sembilan, Penang and Kedah, according to a local media report.
The death toll is five due to the vaccine preventable disease.
“Cases among adults with complete diphtheria immunization histories do not experience serious symptoms and do not require antibiotics treatment.
“Meanwhile, the risks of complications from diphtheria infection among children specially those without or with incomplete immunizations are high,” said Health director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah.
Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Diphtheria causes a thick covering in the back of the throat. It can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, paralysis, and even death.