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The Indonesia Health Ministry reported detecting more than 700,000 cases of tuberculosis (TB) in 2022, the highest number since TB became a national priority program.

Scanning electron micrograph of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. NIAID

TB in Indonesia ranks third after India and China, with 824,000 cases and 93,000 deaths per year, or 11 deaths per hour, according to the health ministry.

Spokesperson for the Indonesian Ministry of Health dr. Mohammad Syahril said the highest detection of TB disease was due to commitment from the government and increasingly intensive surveillance.

”Detection is the first step to be able to treat patients with TB, so that in 2022 a large-scale TB detection will be carried out,” said dr. Syahril.

The Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Budi Gunadi Sadikin asked all levels of health to prioritize the search for TB sufferers, so that 90% of that number can be detected in 2024.

“The Ministry of Health is targeting a TB detection rate of 90% by 2024. Large-scale screening efforts have started since 2022,” said dr. Syahril.

In Indonesia, TB cases are most frequently experienced by people in the age group of 45 until 54 years.

dr. Syahril continued, “finding cases as early as possible and treating them completely until they recover is one of the most important efforts to stop TB transmission in the community.”

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The success rate for drug-sensitive TB treatment in Indonesia in 2022 is 85%. Meanwhile, the success rate for treating drug-resistant TB in Indonesia in 2022 is generally 55%.

In the National TB Elimination Strategy contained in Presidential Decree number 67 of 2021 concerning Tuberculosis Control, there are a number of strategies for dealing with TB in Indonesia. Starting from strengthening commitment, increasing access to TB services, optimizing efforts to promote and prevent TB, treat TB and control infection, then utilize the results of research and technology.