In a follow-up on the initial outbreak report of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in Japan in September, the first in 26 years, the Ministry of Agriculture reports (computer translated) reports a sixth farm outbreak of the year.

Image/MichaelGaida via pixabay
Image/MichaelGaida via pixabay

The outbreak was confirmed on a pig farm in the city of Seki in Gifu Prefecture. The outbreak affected nearly 7,500 fattening and breeding pigs.

Officials have taken all possible measures to control and prevent the spread of the outbreak.

CSF, or “hog cholera” is a contagious, often fatal viral disease of pigs clinically characterized by high body temperature, lethargy, yellowish diarrhea, vomiting, and a purple skin discoloration of the ears, lower abdomen, and legs.

Because of the severe economic impact of CSF, outbreaks are notifiable to the OIE. CSF has the potential to cause devastating epidemics, particularly in countries free of the disease.

While clinically indistinguishable from African Swine Fever, it is caused by an unrelated DNA virus.

Also known as “hog cholera”, CSF does not affect humans even if meat from an infected animal is consumed.