By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

In a follow-up on the leptospirosis situation in New Caledonia, the Department of Health and Social Affairs is now reporting 190 cases including 3 deaths through May 18.

This compares with a total of 69 cases in all of 2020.

Leptospirosis is widespread throughout the world, and of which there are several varieties. It is usually contracted during activity in connection with urine-contaminated fresh water or contaminated animals. Incubation, of varying duration, can range from two to twenty-one days.

The most common symptoms are: high fever (usually over 39 ° C), muscle, joint, abdominal pain and severe headache. The disease can get worse a few days after the first signs and spread to the meninges, liver, kidneys, lungs, etc.

Treatment is based on taking antibiotics.

To control and prevent infections, it is necessary to limit the proliferation of rodents. For this, it is recommended to keep food in closed boxes, to eliminate household garbage around homes and to collect fallen fruit from trees.

In the workplace, personal protective equipment (gloves, boots, coveralls or protective clothing, splash goggles, etc.) must be worn.

In the event of a wound, wash with plenty of drinking water and soap (for 30 seconds), disinfect with an antiseptic solution, protect the wound with an impermeable bandage.