By NewsDesk @bactiman63
Earlier this month, health officials in Qatar reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.
According to the World Health Organization, the first case is a 67-year-old female from Doha, Qatar who first developed symptoms in late November and died on December 12. The source of her infection is under investigation. The patient had neither a history of contact with dromedary camels nor recent travel.
Follow up and screening of seven household contacts and 40 healthcare worker contacts is ongoing and two asymptomatic secondary cases have been identified so far– the two contacts, both living in Doha, tested positive for MERS-CoV by RT-PCR on 29 November. As of 23 December, both are in a stable condition in an isolation ward where protocols for infection prevention and control have been implemented.
Humans are infected with MERS-CoV from direct or indirect contact with dromedary camels. MERS-CoV has demonstrated the ability to transmit between humans. MERS-CoV appears to cause more severe disease in people with underlying chronic medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, renal failure, chronic lung disease, and compromised immune systems.
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