By NewsDesk  @bactiman63

The Florida Department of Health reported an additional locally acquired dengue fever case last week in Miami-Dade County, bringing the total cases in the county to 45 this year.

Miami-Dade County map
Image/David Benbennick

Statewide, 49 total autochthonous cases have been reported through December 3. In addition to the cases in Miami-Dade County, cases have also been reported in Collier, Broward (2), and Volusia counties.

Forty-five of the cases have been serotyped by PCR. Serotypes reported were DENV-3 (42), DENV-4 (2), and DENV-2.

In addition to the local cases, Florida has reported 732 travel associated dengue cases to date. Counties reporting cases were: Brevard (2), Broward (44), Collier (9), Duval (7), Escambia (2), Flagler, Hendry (3), Hernando (2), Hillsborough (69), Indian River, Lee (27), Leon, Manatee (2), Martin (2), Miami-Dade (490), Monroe (4), Orange (9), Osceola (2), Palm Beach (22), Pasco (3), Pinellas (7), Polk (8), Santa Rosa, Sarasota (4), St. Johns, St. Lucie (6), Suwannee, and Volusia (2). Nine cases were reported in non-Florida residents.

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Eight cases met the criteria for severe dengue (dengue shock syndrome [DSS] or dengue hemorrhagic fever [DHF]).

Dengue is a disease caused by a virus spread through mosquito bites. The disease can take up to 2 weeks to develop with illness generally lasting less than a week.

Health effects from dengue include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash, muscle and joint pain, and minor bleeding.

Dengue can become severe within a few hours. Severe dengue is a medical emergency, usually requiring hospitalization.

In severe cases, health effects can include hemorrhage (uncontrolled bleeding), shock (seriously low blood pressure), organ failure, and death.