The health department of the state of Minas Gerais released their latest epidemiological bulletin last week, which shows the latest data on dengue fever and chikungunya in the state this year to date:
Through October 10, Minas Gerais recorded 86,483 probable cases of dengue. Of this total, 64,991 cases and 57 deaths were confirmed, with another 34 deaths under investigation.
Dengue is a disease caused by a virus spread through mosquito bites. The disease can take up to 2 weeks to develop with illness generally lasting less than a week.
Health effects from dengue include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash, muscle and joint pain, and minor bleeding.
Dengue can become severe within a few hours. Severe dengue is a medical emergency, usually requiring hospitalization.
In severe cases, health effects can include hemorrhage (uncontrolled bleeding), shock (seriously low blood pressure), organ failure, and death.
7,347 probable cases of the disease were registered, of which 5,104 were confirmed. So far, there are no confirmed deaths from Chikungunya in Minas Gerais, and five are still under investigation.
PAHO also reports 240,344 total chikungunya cases, including 118,238 confirmed. 68 deaths have been reported.
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. It can cause high fever, join and muscle pain, and headache. While chikungunya does not often result in death, the joint pain associated with the disease may last for months or years and may become a cause of chronic pain and disability. There is no specific treatment for this infection, nor any vaccine to prevent it.