By NewsDesk @bactiman63

An 8-year-old mare and 7-year-old miniature horse stallion in Atlantic County are the second and third reported 2021 cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), a serious mosquito-borne illness in horses, in New Jersey.


The horses had not been vaccinated against EEE and both were humanely euthanized due to severity of the disease. One other EEE case was previously identified this year in Cumberland County.

“These new cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis emphasize the importance of horse owners needing to vaccinate their animals to greatly reduce the chances of contracting EEE and West Nile Virus,” New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher said.

EEE causes inflammation of the brain tissue and has a significantly higher risk of death in horses than West Nile Virus (WNV), a serious viral disease that affects a horse’s neurological system.  The diseases are transmitted by a mosquito bite.  The virus cycles between birds and mosquitoes with horses and humans being incidental hosts.  EEE infections in horses are not a significant risk factor for human infection because horses (like humans) are “dead-end” hosts for the virus.