By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

North Carolina state health officials have reported seven confirmed mumps cases at two schools–Elon University and High Point University.

Infographic aimed at college students depicting symptoms of mumps and steps they can take to protect themselves.

Officials are working with student health services at the schools to coordinate response measures, including vaccination of susceptible groups.

“Anyone who thinks they might have mumps should contact their physician and have appropriate laboratory testing,” said Dr. Zack Moore, North Carolina State Epidemiologist.

The most effective way to prevent mumps is to get vaccinated.

“Although it’s still possible for people who have been vaccinated to get mumps, the risk is much higher in people who are unvaccinated,” Dr. Moore said. “The risk for complications from mumps is also lower in people who are vaccinated compared to those who are not vaccinated.”

Mumps is a vaccine-preventable viral illness best known for causing swelling of the salivary glands below the ears and above the jaw, called parotitis. Mumps can cause several complications including inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) in men and inflammation of the ovaries (oophoritis) in women.

Mumps is spread by droplets from the nose, mouth or throat of an infected person. A person with confirmed or suspected mumps should stay home from work or school and limit close contact with others for five days after the salivary glands swell, or until mumps is ruled out.

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Practicing good hygiene can reduce the risk of spreading illness:

  • Wash hands frequently with soap and warm water
  • Cover your mouth when you cough
  • Do not share cups or eating utensils with others, which can pass saliva from one person to another

Nationally, from January 1 to September 13, 2019, 47 states and the District of Columbia in the U.S. reported mumps infections in 2,363 people to CDC.