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The National Health Commission reported a recent pneumonic plague case in Shannan, Tibet Autonomous Region.


The case involves a 38-year-old male patient living in Shannan. He was a herder in Cona County, Shannan, Tibet Autonomous Region. He developed symptoms on September 24, and passed away on September 25. He was confirmed to have pneumonic plague on September 26.

A spokesman with the Centre for Health Protection (CHP) in Hong Kong said, “Plague is transmitted from an infected animal (mainly rodents) to humans through the bite of its fleas. Plague can also be contracted when cuts or other breaks in the skin come into contact with the body fluids or tissue of infected animals. Consumption of infected animal tissue and inhalation of infected respiratory droplets are also possible modes of transmission.”

The spokesman explained that pneumonic plague is a kind of plague that is highly contagious. It can spread between humans by inhalation of respiratory droplets from an infected person. The incubation period of the disease is commonly between one and four days. Symptoms of pneumonic plague include chills, fever, headache, body pains, weakness and chest discomfort, cough with blood-stained sputum, and difficulty in breathing. Infections can cause rapid fatality if not treated immediately.

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