Uganda health authorities reported two confirmed cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) on 27 July and 2 August, respectively, in Rubanda and Isingiro districts both located in the south western regions of the country, according to the World Health Organization.
The index case from Rubanda is a female patient aged 39 years who presented at the Kabale Regional Referral Hospital on 23 June 2022 with fever, loss of appetite, joint pains and headache. The index case in Isingiro is a 27-year old farmer whose disease started on 24 July 2022 with fever, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, abdominal pain, joint pains, difficulties in breathing and swallowing, and unexplained bleeding from the nose. He was admitted at the Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital where he died on 29 July 2022. Both cases were sampled and results from the Uganda Virus Research Institute returned positive for RVF.
Rift Valley Fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever that causes illness in animals (such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels).
Most people with RVF have either no symptoms or a mild illness with fever, weakness, back pain, and dizziness. A small percentage (8-10%) of people with RVF develop much more severe symptoms, including eye disease, hemorrhage (excessive bleeding), and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). Most people recover within one week. Approximately 1% of people who get RVF die.