By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

In the Yaroslavl region, foci of sheep pox were identified, according to Russian media (computer translated). The virus was found in samples of biological material taken from sick sheep, which are kept on the territory of subsidiary farms in the village of Kharino and the working village of Nekrasovskoye, Nekrasovsky district. This was reported in the Department of Veterinary Medicine of the Yaroslavl Region.

Now specialists of the state veterinary service are engaged in the elimination of foci of sheep pox. They also take measures to prevent the spread of the pathogen.

Public domain image/Titus Tscharntke

To prevent the onset and spread of smallpox, owners of susceptible animals must follow these guidelines:

– to prevent pollution of the environment with animal waste;

– according to the requirements of specialists from bodies and institutions included in the system of the State Veterinary Service of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as specialists of the state veterinary service), susceptible animals for examination;

– notify the specialists of the state veterinary service within 24 hours about all cases of sudden death or illness of susceptible animals, as well as about changes in their behavior indicating a possible illness;

– take measures to isolate suspected of the disease susceptible animals, for the care of which the equipment (inventory) used to care for suspected susceptible animals was used, as well as all susceptible animals that were in the same room with suspected susceptible animals that could contact with them, ensure the isolation of corpses of dead susceptible animals in the room in which they were kept;

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– to comply with the requirements of specialists of the state veterinary service for carrying out antiepizootic and other measures provided for by the rules in a personal subsidiary farm, a peasant (farm) farm, an individual entrepreneur’s farm, organizations and their separate divisions, which contain susceptible animals (hereinafter referred to as farms);

– comply with the conditions, prohibitions, restrictions in connection with the status of the region on the territory of which the farm is located, established by the decision of the federal executive body in the field of veterinary supervision on regionalization of smallpox in accordance with the Veterinary rules for regionalization of the territory of the Russian Federation, approved by order of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia.

Sheep pox results from infection by sheeppox virus (SPPV). The disease is confined to parts of southeastern Europe, Africa, and Asia.

The incubation period of sheeppox is 4–8 days. Clinical signs of sheeppox include fever, enlarged superficial lymph nodes, oculonasal discharge, and poxviral lesions that may affect the skin, mucous membranes and internal organs.

Animals can die at any stage of the illness, occasionally even before the appearance of the characteristic external lesions. Surviving animals recover at varying rates, and recovery can be slow in severe cases.

It has been suggested that transmission may be airborne, by direct contact with lesions, or mechanically by biting insects.

SPPV is not thought to infect humans.

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