By NewsDesk  @bactiman63

The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) reported a Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) case in September. The patient was a 70-year-old woman, who suffered a tick bite while on a guided trip in the Namaqualand Flower Route, Northern Cape Province.

South Africa/CIA

This is the first CCHF case in South Africa since February 2020.

The patient presented with malaise, fever, chills, headache, muscle and back pain, ecchymosis, and a maculopapular rash. During the medical examination, a tick was detected on the patient’s neck. The patient made a full recovery.

From 1981 to October 2021, a total of 218 human cases of CCHF has been reported in South Africa. Nearly two-thirds of CCHF cases confirmed in South Africa are linked to tick (mostly Hyalomma spp.) exposures. A small number of cases are linked to exposure to infected animal tissues and blood. CCHF cases are often reported among animal workers, such as farmers, veterinarians, wildlife or abattoir workers, or hunters.

CCHF has been reported from all provinces in South Africa, but most often from the Northern Cape, North West and Free State provinces.