By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

The Swedish Public Health Agency, or Folkhalsomyndigheten, reported today 13 cases of the more serious form of vibrio infection, all in July.

Vibrio vulnificus/CDC

The cases have been reported from the coastal areas in Götaland and Svealand and, as in previous years, mostly men have fallen ill and the majority of cases are older than 65 years.

Vibrio bacteria can cause milder forms of illness such as ear infection or diarrhea if you happen to swallow water. The bacteria can not penetrate the skin but can cause infection if they come in contact with a wound and can then cause blood poisoning.

It is mainly older people, often with weakened immune systems, who are affected. Infected wounds can become inflamed within 1-3 days.  Symptoms may include pain from the wound, fever and other general effects. It is important to get the right treatment quickly. It can be treated with antibiotics.

Vibrio infection became notifiable in 2004 and a case was reported that year. It concerned a person who had bathed outdoors in a hot tub filled with water from the Baltic Sea and contracted a wound infection.

Hot summers such as 2014 and 2018 see more cases of vibrio infections. In 2018, when the summer was extremely hot, the number of serious vibrio infections increased sharply in Sweden after swimming, especially in the Baltic Sea.

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