By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews

Japanese encephalitis

Image by OpenClipart-Vectors from Pixabay

In a follow-up on the Japanese encephalitis (JE) situation in Taiwan, The Department of Disease Control announced five new confirmed JE cases in the country. The cases were reported from Changhua County,  Chiayi County which are men in their 50s in Tianzhong Town, , men in their 40s in Minxiong Township, Chiayi County, Kaohsiung and Taoyuan City.

Currently, all five patients are hospitalized.

The Department of Disease Control and Prevention said that the five cases were usually located in homes or workplaces. The health unit found high-risk places such as piggeries, pigeon lofts or rice fields around the five-person activities, and judged 5 people to be infected near the place of activity.

The health unit has traveled to the surrounding area of ​​the case to carry out prevention measures such as hanging mosquito trap lights and trapping vector mosquitoes, and at the same time, strengthened health education to the local people.

According to the monitoring data of the CDC, there have been 9 confirmed cases so far this year in the country. The residences of the cases are respectively 2 cases in Taoyuan City, Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County, and 1 case in Changhua County, Chiayi County and Tainan City.

The Department of Disease Control points out that most people have no obvious symptoms after Japanese encephalitis infection, a few will have headache, fever or aseptic meningitis, and in severe cases, there may be changes in consciousness, inability to distinguish people from time to time, general weakness, and cerebral nerves Functional impairment, paralysis, etc., even coma or death. The most effective way to prevent Japanese encephalitis is through vaccination, reminding the public that they should bring their children over 15 months old to the local health clinics or contract hospitals to get the Japanese encephalitis vaccine to avoid serious sequelae caused by infection.

Infant botulism

In addition, the Department of Disease Control announced the first case of infant botulism this year. The patient is a 4-month-old male boy in the north. He has eaten homemade non-staple food since mid-June. He suffered from constipation and poor appetite on June 23.

Suffering from shortness of breath and fever, the family was sent to the hospital for treatment on the same day. During the hospitalization, there were rapid heartbeat, limb weakness, deep tendon reflex decline and drooping eyelids. Viral infection and acute weakness of limb palsy. Botox type B was detected in feces after examination; the current situation of the case has been improved and continued hospitalization. In order to clarify the possible source of infection in the case, the health unit has collected food samples from the case and is currently undergoing inspection.

The CDC urges people to boil foods for at least 10 minutes and stir them when they cook food. The canned products with their lids must not be eaten. Don’t try to eat them if you smell something after opening the can. If in doubt, don’t eat them. In addition, because botulinum spores are widely distributed in nature, infants under 1 year of age should avoid feeding honey; skinned vegetables and fruits may be contaminated with soil, and should be cleaned and peeled before food preparation to reduce the occurrence of botulism.