NewsDesk @bactiman63

Japanese encephalitis

The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced today of the first confirmed case of Japanese encephalitis this year in the country.


The patient is a man in his 50s from Luzhu District, Kaohsiung City.

He developed headache and loss of appetite on May 1. Symptoms such as trembling and inability to move prompted him be sent to the hospital for treatment. On May 4, due to symptoms such as persistent fever, delirium, and unconsciousness, he was transferred to the hospital for treatment and admitted to the hospital.

The place of daily activities of the case is mainly around the home. There are high-risk places such as chicken coops, pigeon coops, pig houses, and paddy fields near the home. It is judged that the possibility of infection is higher near the place of residence. Mosquito traps, and at the same time strengthen the health and education publicity to the local people, and ask the medical institutions to strengthen the notification.

According to the monitoring data of the CDC, there is one confirmed case of Japanese encephalitis in Taiwan, which is the first local case this year; the cumulative number of cases in the country from 2019 to 2022 is 21, 21, 28 and 19 respectively.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says the most effective way to prevent Japanese encephalitis is get vaccinated.

Zika virus

The Taiwan CDC announced yesterday that the first two confirmed cases of Zika virus infection imported from abroad were detected in the country this year.

The patients are a man and women (Case 1 and Case 2), family members,  in their 30s in northern Taiwan. They traveled together to the Maldives from April 19th to 26th.

After returning to Taiwan, Case 1 went to the doctor successively due to symptoms such as fever, sore throat, rash, and bone and muscle pain. The hospital notified and tested and diagnosed Zika virus infection. Case 2 also developed symptoms on May 1 and was tested as a confirmed case. At present, the two cases have been discharged from the hospital, and none of the companions have symptoms; the local health unit has investigated and eliminated the breeding source of the cases, and provided health education to the cases.

Since 2016, a total of 28 cases of Zika virus infection have been confirmed in my country, all of which were imported from abroad. Most were infected in Southeast Asian countries, including 6 cases each in Vietnam and Thailand, 3 cases each in Myanmar and Malaysia, and 3 cases each in the Philippines and Maldives. 2 cases, 1 case each in Indonesia, Singapore, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the United States (Miami, Florida) and Angola. In 2016, there were a total of 13 cases, and from 2017 to 2022, there were less than 5 cases each year; this year’s case is the first since 2021.