The Uruguay Ministry of Public Health received information of an increase in cases of diarrhea in some residents of some municipalities in Brazil that are regular tourist destinations. For this reason, it is considered opportune to take extreme care to minimize the possible occurrence of cases of traveler’s diarrhea from this or another destination.
Traveler’s diarrhea is a clinical syndrome linked to the consumption of contaminated food or water that can also be caused by bathing in unsafe water. The microorganisms that cause it in most cases are viruses and bacteria that have a higher incidence in hot climates.
The symptoms are: diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and fever. In most people it does not usually cause serious illness and resolves on its own within one to five days after the onset of symptoms. It is important to keep in mind that children and the elderly are more vulnerable to its effects.
For all of the above, the Ministry of Public Health recommends:
1. Wash your hands frequently; If there is no water available, you can choose to use alcohol gel.
2. Drink only previously boiled or bottled water. Ice, baby food and formula should be made with boiled or bottled water.
3. Avoid unpasteurized milk and dairy, including ice cream. Also foods prepared with raw egg (for example, mayonnaise).
4. Pay attention to the cold chain and food storage and check the expiration date on the packaging.
5. Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat, fish and shellfish.
6. Ideally consume fruits and vegetables that can be peeled, such as bananas, oranges and avocados.
7. Make sure that the beach is authorized for bathing, avoid swimming pools, streams and lakes. When showering or bathing, avoid drinking water.
8. Clean cans or bottles before consuming them and always rinse them with bottled water. That they come sealed is also important.
9. In the face of direct contact with a sick person, hygienic care should be extreme and not share dishes, towels or bedding and disinfect shared spaces such as the kitchen and bathroom. (If you are cohabiting)
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