By NewsDesk @infectiousdiseasenews
In a follow-up on the cholera outbreak in Yemen, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice today for Yemen due to the cholera outbreak.
There is a widespread cholera outbreak in Yemen. From October 2016 to June 2019, more than 1.8 million cholera cases and over 3,500 deaths have been reported. Twenty-one of the country’s 23 governorates have reported suspected cases.
Health officials say because cholera is spread through contaminated food and water, cholera is easily prevented by sticking to safe eating and drinking habits and regularly washing hands.
A cholera vaccine (Vaxchora, PaxVax Corporation) prevents diarrhea caused by the most common type of cholera bacteria. This vaccine is available in the United States and is recommended for adults traveling to areas with active cholera transmission, such as Yemen. Avoiding unsafe food and water even after cholera vaccination will also help prevent cholera and many other diarrheal infections.
Cholera is a disease spread by drinking water or eating food contaminated with cholera bacteria. Severe cholera is characterized by large amounts of watery diarrhea, often described as “rice-water stool” because it can have a pale, milky appearance. It can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. If untreated, the loss of fluid can be deadly. But simple treatment, including replacing lost body fluids, can lower the risk of death to less than 1%.
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