By NewsDesk @bactiman63
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a travel notice for travelers to parts of Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean due to the ongoing dengue fever risk.
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has reported 2,981,769 cases year to date, including 1,372 deaths–the highest number of cases ever recorded.
The following countries are reporting higher-than-usual numbers of dengue cases, and travelers visiting these countries may be at increased risk: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua and Paraguay.
Because dengue is spread by mosquito bites, all travelers to risk areas should prevent mosquito bites by using an EPA-registered insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outdoors, and sleeping in an air-conditioned room or room with window screens or under an insecticide-treated bed net.
Dengue is a disease caused by a virus spread through mosquito bites. The disease can take up to 2 weeks to develop with illness generally lasting less than a week.
Health effects from dengue include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash, muscle and joint pain, and minor bleeding.
Dengue can become severe within a few hours. Severe dengue is a medical emergency, usually requiring hospitalization.
In severe cases, health effects can include hemorrhage (uncontrolled bleeding), shock (seriously low blood pressure), organ failure, and death.