With the first reports in early March 2022 and as of May 19, the Central African Republic has so far recorded 17 suspected cases of monkey pox including eight confirmed cases and two deaths (CFR 11.8%), for year 2022, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The confirmed cases were reported from three health districts: Mbaïki (six cases, two deaths), Alindao (one case, no death) and Bimbo (one case, no death).
Monkeypox is in the same family of viruses as smallpox but generally causes a milder infection. It can be spread between people through direct contact with skin lesions or body fluids, or contaminated materials such as clothing or linens. It can also be spread through large respiratory droplets which generally cannot travel more than a few feet, and prolonged face-to-face contact is required.
Illness typically begins with flu-like symptoms and swelling of the lymph nodes, progressing to a widespread rash on the face and body. Most infections last 2-4 weeks. The individuals identified as having been potentially exposed to this case will be monitored for symptoms of monkeypox for 21 days after exposure.