By NewsDesk @bactiman63
On March 1, 2021, the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) announced that it would cancel international sporting events in ten countries in continental Europe due to an EHV outbreak during an international tournament in Valencia, Spain.
Returning horses caused secondary outbreaks in nine countries.
As of Mar. 16, a total of seventeen horses in Europe had to be euthanized due to the outbreak.
EHV-1 infection in horses can cause respiratory disease, abortion in mares, neonatal foal death and neurological disease. The neurological form of the disease is known as Equine Herpes Myeloencephalopathy (EHM) and may be caused by damage to blood vessels of the brain and spinal cord associated with EHV-1 infection. EHM is most often due to the neuropathogenic strain of EHV-1, but may occasionally be caused by the non-neuropathogenic strain of the virus.
EHV-1 is easily spread and typically has an incubation period between 2-10 days. Respiratory shedding of the virus generally occurs for 7-10 days, but may persist longer in infected horses. For this reason, a twenty-one day isolation period of confirmed positive EHM cases is recommended along with stringent biosecurity protocols. Similar to herpes viruses in other species, the latent form of EHV-1 can reactivate at a later date, but generally with a low viral load posing a low risk of infecting other horses. Humans are not at risk of contracting the virus, however humans can act as an indirect mode of transmission.
- Tula orthohantavirus confirmed for first time in a German patient
- Spain: Q fever confirmed in Biological Mechanical Treatment plant employees in Bilbao
- India: New COVID variants rising
- Protection against COVID-19 seen among those vaccinated in Norway
- Guinea’s Ebola outbreak: Last patient discharged, Countdown begins
- COVID-19 vaccines may not produce sufficient antibody response in transplant recipients