By NewsDesk @bactiman63
Health officials in Tharaka Nithi County in central Kenya are reporting an outbreak of kala-azar, or visceral leishmaniasis (VL).
Over the last few months, 33 cases and 5 deaths have been reported, prompting officials to issue an alert over the vector-borne disease.
In Kenya since January 2020, a total of 1 170 visceral leishmaniasis confirmed cases with 10 deaths (CFR 0.9% percent), have been reported in eight counties namely: Marsabit, Garissa, Kitui, Baringo, West Pokot, Mandera, Wajir, and Tharaka Nithi.
Visceral leishmaniasis is the most serious form of leishmaniasis (a parasitic disease), which affects some of the internal organs of the body (such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow).
VL is predominantly transmitted through the bite of an infected female phlebotomine sand fly, although congenital and parenteral transmission (through blood transfusions and needle sharing) have been reported.
Among parasites, it is the second biggest killer in the world after malaria. Each (Plasmodium and Leishmania) is responsible for an estimated half a million deaths worldwide each year
- Sweden reports monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium outbreak, 33 affected
- Nigeria reports 400 Lassa fever cases through October
- Zika cases rise by 30 in Kanpur, UP
- Pakistan: Measles outbreak in Shangla district, KP
- Cholera outbreak reported in Mozambique
- COVID-19 vaccine study: Protection among U.S. veterans in 2021
- Ukraine reports polio case in Transcarpathia, Not related to earlier case
- Idaho reports 1st human rabies case/death in over 40 years
- Bangladesh: Dengue death count rises to 95