The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) reported three confirmed monkeypox cases in December 2021 in Cross River, Lagos and Delta states, bringing the total confirmed cases for the year to 34.
A total of 98 suspected cases has been reported between January 1st and December 31st, 2021.
No deaths were reported.
Since September 2017, when Nigeria saw a return of monkeypox, a 512 total cases have been reported, including eight deaths, from 32 states in the country.
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with monkeypox virus. Monkeypox occurs throughout Central and West Africa, often near tropical rain forests.
People become infected with the monkeypox virus through contact with the bodily fluids of infected animals or humans (alive or dead), including respiratory droplets, or through contact with materials contaminated with the virus.
Symptoms include fever (≥100.4°F), headache, muscle aches, and swollen lymph nodes, followed by a rash. Patients are usually ill for 2–4 weeks. Monkeypox is fatal in as many as 1 to 10% of people who become infected. Prior vaccination against smallpox may provide protection against monkeypox.