Arthritis is the term used to describe conditions which affect joints and tissues around the joints. Joints are found wherever bones join in the body, e.g. wrists, fingers, ankles, elbows, knees and so forth. This comes with a lot of pain which sometimes prohibits one from carrying out daily activities.
Facts about Arthritis
The Arthritis Foundation states the following:
- There are over hundred different kinds of arthritis.
- Arthritis can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, and gender.
- Over 300,000 children and more than 50 million adults have arthritis.
- Arthritis is the number one cause of disability in the USA.
- Women are the most common gender to be diagnosed with arthritis.
The most common types of arthritis
As mentioned above, there are more than one hundred types of arthritis, but there are two most common ones:
- Osteoarthritis (OA): This is the most common type of arthritis, affecting about eight million people in the UK. OA is a degenerative type of arthritis that develops when the bone cartilage becomes worn out, and the bones start rubbing against each other causing stiffness, pain, and swelling. Injuries, family history, age, excess weight, are some of the risk factors. OA mostly affects the knees, spine, hips, and hands. These areas get usually affected because of repeatedly injuring them when one is doing the same task over and over.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): This is an inflammatory type of arthritis which develops when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the body by causing uncontrollable inflammation to the bones. This is known as an autoimmune disease – when your healthy tissues are attacked by enzymes released by your body. RA usually attacks joints found in the wrists, elbows, ankles, finders, etc.
The inflammation first occurs in the synovium – which is the outer part of the joint and spreads throughout. This leads to more inflammation which may lead to the breakdown of the bones and cartilage. People with RA can also suffer from symptoms of weight loss, fatigue, anemia, lung inflammation and so forth.
Symptoms of arthritis
Since there are different kinds of arthritis, symptoms will not be the same, but when these stated below start manifesting, one should see a doctor for proper diagnosis.
- Swelling in and around the joint
- Pain of the joint
- Stiffness of the joint
- Decreased ability to move
- Redness over the joint
Seven foods to avoid when you have arthritis and joint pain
As already stated, arthritis causes inflammation so your diet can potentially worsen the inflammation, and it may also introduce more chronic conditions. Diet is, therefore, very important when dealing with any arthritis.
- Processed sugars prompt the body to release pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are small proteins that have a distinguished effect on interactions between cells. One should always read the labels on food items to look out for these sugars.
- Saturated fats also trigger the inflammation of the fat tissue, which not only makes inflammation caused by arthritis worse but also is a candidate for triggering heart disease. Foods high in saturated fats include pizzas, read meat, etc.
- Fried and processed foods contain toxins known as Advanced Glycation End product (AGE), which prompt the body to produce cytokines. As mentioned above, cytokines may cause inflammation depending on where the AGE’s happen. This inflammation may cause or promote arthritis.
- Dairy products contain protein, and depending on the type of protein, they may worsen pain associated with arthritis. This type of protein may potentially cause irritation to the tissue that surrounds the joints. Arthritics who totally eliminate dairy from their diet, i.e. they go vegan, eliminate the pain as well.
- Too much salt can trigger the symptoms of arthritis. It has been reported that people suffering from RA are at higher risk of being affected by excess salt effects.
- Gluten is known as the number one suspect in the inflammatory condition that copycats arthritis which is known as Celiac disease. People who have been diagnosed with RA have a higher risk of being sensitive to gluten so getting a gluten-free diet can reduce the symptoms of arthritis.
- Red meat is usually the prime suspect of gout-related symptoms, but it may also contribute to other forms of arthritis as well. A study published in the “Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging”, as reported by Livestrong, states that 22.6% percent of the participants who showed disorders linked to arthritis were at a higher probability of eating a lot of meat, in comparison to those who did not.
Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis are the two most common types of arthritis. According to the Arthritis Foundation, there is no diet that one can take to cure arthritis. However, certain foods can fight inflammation, boost your immune system and make your bones stronger. As seen above, there are also foods that promote inflammation and other symptoms relating to arthritis. Keeping a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle can help you cope with a lot of chronic conditions, including arthritis. People suffering from arthritis, in addition to keeping a healthy diet, can use JointFlex cream for the relief of pain associated with arthritis.
Kathy Mitchell was born in the USA. She has done MA in English Literature. She loves to publish her article on different health and beauty websites. She is contributing to Consumer Health Digest. Follow her on Google+, Facebook and Twitter.