The Taliban’s health ministry reported Friday, since the beginning of the year, Afghanistan has reported 667 Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) cases, including 70 deaths (10%CFR), according to local media.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.
Animals become infected by the bite of infected ticks and the virus remains in their bloodstream for about one week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to continue when another tick bites. Although a number of tick genera are capable of becoming infected with CCHF virus, ticks of the genus Hyalomma are the principal vector.
The CCHF virus is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissues during and immediately after slaughter. The majority of cases have occurred in people involved in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers and veterinarians. Human-to-human transmission is possible.
The virus is widespread in some countries of Africa and Asia, in the Balkans, the Middle East and in the south of the European part of Russia.
- North Carolina reports 3 Vibrio deaths, Issues warning to public
- Leprosy: Case report suggest disease is becoming endemic in central Florida
- Georgia officials report Naegleria fowleri death in resident
- H5N1 avian influenza confirmed in Seoul cats
- South Korea: Japanese encephalitis alert issued nationwide
- Canada reports nearly 200 non-travel related Cyclospora infections
- Kazakhstan measles: 2,694 confirmed cases
- Minnesota: Salmonella cluster reported in Twin Cities, Linked to raw milk
- Salmonella Senftenberg outbreak: Possibly linked to cherry tomatoes