According to the World Health Organization, from January to 30 September 2022, a total of 9,850 suspected measles cases, including 5,806 confirmed and 56 deaths (CFR 0.6%) have been reported in Ethiopia.
A total of 16 districts (Woredas) are currently experiencing confirmed measles outbreaks : Chilga; Anded; Gololcha; Gura Damole; Guchi;Babile; Deraa; Banatsemay; North Ari; Raaso; West Imey; Harawo; Jigjiga City; Gashamo; Gorabaqasa and Afdem.
Measles is a highly contagious virus that spreads through the air by direct contact with infectious droplets or by airborne spread when an infected person breathes, coughs, or sneezes. The measles virus can live for up to two hours in an airspace after an infected person leaves an area.
People can spread measles up to four days before and four days after a rash.
Signs and symptoms of measles include maculopapular rash, high fever, and a cough, runny nose, or red, watery eyes.
Measles can be severe in all age groups and can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs) and death. Several groups are more likely to suffer from measles complications, including children younger than five years of age, adults older than 20 years of age, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems, such as from leukemia or HIV infection.